Women treated with chest radiation for a childhood cancer have a significantly elevated risk of breast cancer at a young age. Breast cancer surveillance with annual mammography and breast MRI is recommended for these women, starting at age 25 or eight years after the radiation, whichever occurs last. Most women treated with chest radiation, and many of their primary care physicians, are unaware of this risk.
The purpose of the EMPOWER study, which is part of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, is to determine if giving these women education about their risk and the need for breast cancer surveillance increases the likelihood of them seeking these breast imaging tests. Women will be assigned to either an education intervention group or a control group.