The donation of stem cells from a matched donor (allogeneic stem cell transplant) is a way to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, patients are at risk for a return (relapse) of their cancer. Some patients with AML have cancer that is driven by a mutated form of the FLT3-ITD protein.
In this study, researchers want to see if giving the investigational drug midostaurin (PKC412) to patients with FLT3-ITD mutated AML after an allogeneic stem cell transplant reduces the risk of relapse. Midostaurin inhibits the growth of AML cells by blocking the activity of the FLT3-ITD protein, which the cancer cells need to grow.
Midostaurin is taken orally (by mouth). Patients in this study will be randomly assigned to have standard care (allogeneic stem cell transplantation alone) or to receive midostaurin after their transplant.