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Aztreonam (AZ tree oh nam)

Adult Medication

Brand Names: U.S.

Azactam; Azactam in Dextrose; Cayston

Brand Names: Canada

Cayston

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to treat bacterial infections.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?

  • If you have an allergy to aztreonam or any other part of this drug.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
This drug may interact with other drugs or health problems.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?

All products:

  • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that you use this drug.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly allergic side effects have rarely happened. Talk with your doctor.
  • Do not use longer than you have been told. A second infection may happen.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

Shot:

  • Have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

All products:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Shot:

  • Pain where the shot was given.
  • Redness or swelling where the shot is given.
  • Any bruising or bleeding.
  • Very bad skin irritation.
  • It is common to have loose stools (diarrhea) when taking this drug. Rarely, a very bad and sometimes deadly form of loose stools may occur (pseudomembranous colitis). This may happen while you are taking this drug or within a few months after you stop taking it. Call your doctor right away if you have stomach pain or cramps, very loose or watery stools, or bloody stools. Do not try to treat loose stools without first checking with your doctor.

Liquid for breathing in:

  • Chest pain.
  • Cough that does not go away.
  • Lung function has gotten worse in some people after taking this drug for 28 days. Have your lung function checked while taking this drug. Call your doctor right away if breathing problems are new or worse after starting this drug.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

All products:

  • Upset stomach or throwing up.

Shot:

  • Loose stools (diarrhea).

Liquid for breathing in:

  • Cough.
  • Stuffy nose.
  • Sore throat.
  • Belly pain.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best taken?

Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read and follow the dosing on the label closely.

All products:

  • Take as you have been told, even if you feel well.
  • To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
  • Do not use if the solution is cloudy, leaking, or has particles.

Shot:

  • It is given as a shot into a muscle or vein.
  • Your doctor may teach you how to use.
  • Follow how to use carefully.
  • Do not use if solution changes color.
  • Throw away needles in a needle/sharp disposal box. When the box is full, follow all local rules for getting rid of it. Talk with a doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Liquid for breathing in:

  • Follow how to take this drug as you have been told by your doctor. Do not use more than you were told to use.
  • For breathing in only.
  • You will use by breathing in from the mouth with a special machine (nebulizer). Your doctor will teach you the right way to use.
  • Use right away after mixing.
  • Do not mix other drugs in nebulizer.
  • Use a puffer (inhaler) that helps open your airways before using this drug. Talk with your doctor.
  • Use this drug after other breathed in drugs.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

All products:

  • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

Shot:

  • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.

Liquid for breathing in:

  • If the next dose is less than 4 hours away, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

Shot:

  • Most of the time, this drug will be given in a hospital or doctor’s office. If stored at home, follow how to store as you were told by the doctor.

Liquid for breathing in:

  • Store in a refrigerator or at room temperature. If stored at room temperature, throw away any part not used after 28 days.
  • Do not freeze.
  • Protect from light.

All products:

  • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

General drug facts

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date

2014-02-04

Copyright

Copyright © 2014 Clinical Drug Information, LLC and Lexi-Comp, Inc.