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Baclofen (BAK loe fen)

Adult Medication

Brand Names: U.S.

EnovaRX-Baclofen; Gablofen; Lioresal

Brand Names: Canada

Apo-Baclofen; Dom-Baclofen; Lioresal; Lioresal D.S.; Lioresal Intrathecal; Mylan-Baclofen; Novo-Baclofen; PHL-Baclofen; PMS-Baclofen; ratio-Baclofen; Riva-Baclofen; VPI-Baclofen Intrathecal

Warning

Shot:

  • Unsafe side effects have happened when this drug was stopped all of a sudden. Some of these side effects have been high fever, mental changes, more spasms, and muscle stiffness. Rarely, these side effects have led to very bad muscle problems, organ problems, and death. Avoid stopping this drug all of a sudden without talking with your doctor. Be sure you get your pump refilled on time and you know about the pump alarms and what to do if the pump alarm goes off. Tell your doctor if you have ever had signs of withdrawal while getting baclofen tablets or shot. Call your doctor right away if you have signs of withdrawal.
  • Read the package insert for more details.

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to calm muscles.
  • It is used to treat spasms in patients with MS (multiple sclerosis) or spinal cord disease.
  • It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?

  • If you have an allergy to baclofen or any other part of this drug.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
This drug may interact with other drugs or health problems.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?

All products:

  • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that you use this drug.
  • Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert until you see how this drug affects you.
  • Do not stop taking this drug all of a sudden without calling your doctor. You may have a greater risk of side effects. If you need to stop this drug, you will want to slowly stop it as ordered by your doctor.
  • Talk with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use other drugs and natural products that slow your actions.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

Shot:

  • If you are being treated for any infection, talk with your doctor.
  • Use with care in children. Talk with the doctor.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

All products:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
  • Feeling very sleepy.
  • Change in how often urine is passed.

Shot:

  • Feeling very tired or weak.
  • Change in how you act.
  • Seizures.
  • Change in eyesight.
  • Chest pain.
  • Muscle pain or weakness.
  • Muscle stiffness.
  • A burning, numbness, or tingling feeling that is not normal.
  • Trouble breathing, slow breathing, or shallow breathing.
  • Not able to pass urine or change in how much urine is passed.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Mood changes.
  • Hallucinations.
  • Trouble controlling body movements, twitching, change in balance, trouble swallowing or speaking.
  • Not able to control eye movements.
  • A heartbeat that does not feel normal.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
  • Feeling sleepy.
  • Dizziness.
  • Feeling tired or weak.
  • Not able to sleep.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Headache.
  • Hard stools (constipation).
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best taken?

Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read and follow the dosing on the label closely.

Tablet:

  • Take with or without food.

Shot:

  • It is given as a shot into the spine.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

Tablet:

  • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

Shot:

  • Call the doctor to find out what to do.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

Tablet:

  • Store at room temperature.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.

Shot:

  • This drug will be given to you in a hospital or doctor’s office. You will not store it at home.

All products:

  • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

General drug facts

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date

2014-11-07

Copyright

Copyright © 2014 Clinical Drug Information, LLC and Lexi-Comp, Inc.