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Eat Your Way to Better Health

The foods you eat and the lifestyle choices you make play a major role in your health. Healthy choices can:
 

Below, we outline 6 steps to improving your overall health, including how to manage your weight, control your food portions, understand food labels, increase your physical activity, and make healthy food choices. We also answer some frequently asked questions about healthy lifestyles. At the end of this resource, there are 3 sample menus that include healthy meals for you to try.

For more information about making healthy food choices, ask your nurse for the resource, Eating Well During and After Your Cancer Treatment.

Step 1: Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight

Gaining or losing weight is related to diet and exercise. If you take in more calories than your body needs, you are likely to gain weight. To achieve a healthy weight, you must eat fewer calories, increase your physical activity, or both. There are many health benefits to maintaining a healthy weight, including lowering your risk for various chronic diseases. Obesity can increase your risk for:

  • Cancers of the colon, breast, prostate, and esophagus
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Sleep apnea
  • Other chronic diseases, such as asthma, arthritis, and gallbladder disease

Find out your body mass index (BMI)

BMI is a measurement of the amount of fat in your body based on your height and weight. It can help you learn if your weight is healthy or not. A healthy BMI for an adult is between 18.5 and 24.9.

Find your BMI on the chart below. First, find your height in the left-hand column. Go across to the next column on the same line and find your weight.

Next, look at the corresponding BMI at the top of your column. This is your BMI.

If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, your weight is considered normal.

If your BMI is 25 to 29.9, you are considered overweight.

If your BMI is 30 or above, you are considered obese.

For example, if you are 65 inches (5 feet, 5 inches) tall and you weigh 168 pounds, then your BMI is 28. This means you are considered overweight. Your goal should be to achieve a BMI that puts you in the normal range.

If your BMI is above 25, look for the weights that correlate with a healthy BMI for your height. That should be your target weight.


Find out your caloric need 

Finding out how many calories your body needs can prevent you from gaining or losing weight. There are 3500 calories in 1 pound of body weight. This means that if you eat an extra 500 calories a day (from any type of food), you could gain 1 pound in a week.

Your age, muscle mass, amount and type of exercise you do, and overall health affect your caloric need. In general, the older you are, the fewer calories you need. However, if you have a lot of muscle or exercise a lot, you need more calories. Use this formula to calculate the number of calories you need each day:

Your body weight in pounds x 12 = your estimated daily caloric need

If you need to lose weight, subtract 500 calories from your estimated caloric need. If you need to gain weight, add 500 calories to your estimated caloric need.

For example, if you weigh 150 pounds:

  • 150 pounds x 12 = 1800 calories (your estimated daily need)
  • For weight loss: 1800 calories - 500 calories = 1300 calories per day
  • For weight gain: 1800 calories + 500 calories = 2300 calories per day

Step 2: Control Your Food Portions

Eating too many calories from any foods can result in weight gain. To avoid weight gain, it is essential to control your food portions.

The following chart lists the amount of food that is equal to 1 serving size.

Food Group

Food

Amount of 1 Serving Size

Bread, Cereal, Rice,
and Pasta
Bread
1 slice
Cereal (hot)
½ cup
Cereal (cold)
1 ounce (½ cup to 1 cup, depending on the cereal)
Pasta
½ cup
Rice
½ cup
Vegetables
Cooked or raw, chopped
½ cup
Juice
¼ cup
Raw, leafy
1 cup
Fruits
Chopped, cooked, or unsweetened canned
½ cup
Dried fruit
¼ cup
Fruit juice
¾ cup
Medium, fresh
1
Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese
Milk or yogurt
1 cup
Natural cheeses (Mozzarella, Swiss, Muenster, Cheddar, Provolone, and Gouda)
1 ½ ounces
Processed or packaged cheeses (American and most cheese spreads)
2 ounces
Lean Meat, Poultry, Fish, Beans, Eggs, and Nuts
Cooked beans
½ cup
Cooked meat or fish
3 ounces
Eggs
1
Nuts
⅓ cup
Peanut butter
2 tablespoons

Step 3: Understand Food Labels

Reading and understanding food labels can help you make wise food choices. The label below lists the nutritional content of a 1-cup serving of macaroni and cheese. The arrows point to the boxes on the right, which explain what each line means.

This food label shows that macaroni and cheese is high in total fat, saturated fat, and trans fat. It also does not contain any fiber. Due do the high fat content and lack of fiber, this food would not be a healthy choice.

Step 4: Get Active

Physical activity is a necessary part of a healthy lifestyle. By doing at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, you can stay fit. You can burn about 150 calories a day or about 1000 calories a week by doing moderate exercise.

  • To stay at your current weight, do at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity on most days of the week.
  • If you need to lose weight, do at least 60 to 90 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity each day.

A gym is not the only place to exercise. Here are some activities that provide moderate to vigorous exercise:

  • Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
  • Get off the bus or subway 1 stop early and walk the rest of the way.
  • Walk to work, class, or the store or walk your pets.
  • Take a 2-mile brisk walk in 30 minutes.
  • Increase your time spent on household tasks, such as vacuuming, mopping, dusting, and washing dishes (45 to 60 minutes).
  • Take “activity breaks” at work.
  • Swim laps for 20 minutes.
  • Take a 4-mile bike ride in 15 minutes.
  • Play volleyball for 45 minutes.
  • Play basketball for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Dance for 30 minutes.
  • Rake leaves or do other yard work for 30 minutes.

Step 5: Make Healthy Food Choices

Limit your intake of fats and oils

All fats have the same number of calories, but some fats are healthier than others. Cut back on the total amount of fat in your diet. Limit the amount of saturated fat you eat. Limiting fat, especially saturated fat, can keep your heart healthy and make it easier to maintain your weight.

“Good” cholesterol” versus “bad” cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance. It is found only in foods that come from an animal source, such as meat, eggs, and dairy. Cholesterol travels in the blood in packages called lipoproteins. There are 2 types of lipoproteins: “good” and “bad.

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is “bad” cholesterol. It can clog your arteries and cause heart disease.
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is “good” cholesterol. It takes cholesterol out of your body.

Types of fats

Monounsaturated fats come from plant sources. They are mostly found in:

  • Olives
  • Olive oil
  • Canola oil
  • Peanuts
  • Peanut oil

These fats can lower your total cholesterol and LDL levels. They will not lower your HDL level.

Polyunsaturated fats also come from plant sources. They are found in:

  • Corn oil
  • Safflower oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Soybean oil

These fats can lower your total cholesterol and do not raise LDL levels.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Meat and chicken fat
  • Whole milk and milk products
  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Coconut, palm, and palm kernel oils

Eating foods with too much saturated fat can raise your total cholesterol and LDL levels.

Trans fats are formed when hydrogen is added to oil. These are also called “partially hydrogenated” fats or oils. Trans fats are found in:

  • Many fried, baked, and processed foods
  • Margarine and butter-like products

Trans fats can raise your total cholesterol and LDL levels. They can also lower your HDL level. Choose foods that say “zero (0) trans fat” on the label. Try not to eat processed foods that contain partially hydrogenated oils, such as some crackers, cookies, peanut butter, and breaded frozen foods.

Omega-3 fatty acids are needed for good health, especially for heart health. They are found mainly in oily fish. It is recommended that you eat at least two 4-ounce servings of omega-3 rich fish per week. Fish that have omega-3 fatty acids include:

  • Salmon
  • Tuna
  • Mackerel

Foods that contain smaller amounts of omega-3 fatty acids include:

  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Walnuts
  • Soybeans
  • Flax seeds

Omega-6 fatty acids are also necessary for good health, since these can't be made by your body. However, your body needs only small amounts of them. Omega-6 fatty acids are found in vegetable oils, margarine, baked goods, and processed foods.

How much fat is OK to eat?

Total fat
  • 20% to 35% of your diet can come from fat.
    • If you eat 1200 calories a day, you can eat up to 26 to 46 grams of fat per day.
    • If you eat 2000 calories a day, you can eat up to 44 to 78 grams of fat per day.
Saturated fat
  • 10% or less of the total fat in your diet can come from saturated fat.
    • If you eat 1200 calories per day, you can eat up to 12 grams of saturated fat per day.
    • If you eat 2000 calories per day, you can eat up to 20 grams of saturated fat per day.

Mono and polyunsaturated fats

While no specific amounts of these fats are recommended, the guidelines recommend eating foods rich in these healthy fats, while staying within your total fat allowance.

Tips for trimming fat from your diet

  • Limit spreads that are high in fat. These include:
    • Butter
    • Margarine
    • Cream cheese
    • Mayonnaise
    • Salad dressings
  • Choose lean cuts of meat, such as skinless chicken or turkey and fish.
  • Eat no more than 18 ounces of red meat per week.
  • Remove the fat and skin from your meat before cooking it.
  • Bake, broil, grill, steam, or poach your foods.
  • Pan fry your foods with nonstick cooking spray; avoid deep frying your foods.
  • Add more flavor to your foods with herbs and spices instead of butter or oil.
  • Use fruit or fruit juices in your marinades. Try kiwi, papaya, lemon, or lime juice.
  • Use vegetable stock or low-sodium tomato juice instead of butter or oil to cook your vegetables, meats, and seafood.
  • Refrigerate your soups and skim off the fat layer that forms on top.
  • Make scrambled eggs or omelets by using 1 yolk with 2 egg whites. Or use an egg substitute product.
  • Choose canned tuna or sardines that are packed in water rather than oil. Otherwise, drain oil-packed canned tuna or sardines to decrease the fat.
  • Cook with canola or olive oil. These oils have the least amount of saturated fat.

Fruits and vegetables

Eating many different kinds of fruits and vegetables can help protect you against chronic diseases. Fruits and vegetables are:

  • Rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytochemicals (good substances that are found only in plant foods)
  • Rich in fiber
  • Low in calories, fat, and cholesterol

Eat at least 2 ½ cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruit per day. Include fruits and vegetables in most of your meals and snacks. Choose whole or cut-up fruits and vegetables rather than juices. Juices contain little or no fiber, which is important for healthy bowel function.

The list below shows the best fruit and vegetable sources for vitamin A (carotenoids), vitamin C, folate, and potassium. These are important nutrients to have in your diet.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that as part of a healthy eating plan, people should eat more fruits and vegetables. This includes choosing from a variety of fruits and vegetables. You can do this by selecting from different colors of fruits and vegetables, such as dark green, red, and orange. Also, legumes (beans, lentils) contain many essential vitamins and nutrients and should be incorporated into your diet.

On a weekly basis, your meals should include:

  • 3 cups of dark green vegetables (broccoli, spinach, collard greens, kale)
  • 2 cups of bright orange vegetables (carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash)
  • 3 cups of legumes (lentils, kidney beans, pinto beans, chickpeas)
  • 3 cups of starchy vegetables (corn, potatoes, green peas)
  • 6 ½ cups of other vegetables (tomatoes, onions, cauliflower, green beans)

See the sample menus at the end of this resource for ideas on how to incorporate these foods into your diet.

Fiber and whole grains

Fiber is an important part of your diet because it:

  • Helps regulate bowel movements and prevent constipation
  • Provides a feeling of fullness
  • Helps with weight loss
  • Can help reduce cholesterol
  • Can lower the risk for diabetes, heart disease, and obesity

Plant foods are the best sources of fiber. In addition to fruits and vegetables, eating a variety of whole grains, cereals, legumes, nuts, and seeds can provide the fiber you need.

Your fiber needs are based on the amount of calories you take in. Women usually need about 25 grams of fiber per day and men need about 35 grams of fiber per day.

To make sure you are getting enough fiber, eat whole grains. They contain more vitamins, minerals, and fiber than refined or processed grains. Read your ingredient labels carefully to find out if the foods you choose have whole grains. Food labels must have the word “whole” right before the name of the grain. For example, when choosing a wheat bread or pasta, the label must read “whole wheat,” not “enriched wheat flour.

To get more fiber and whole grains in your diet:

  • Eat foods such as whole-wheat bread, brown rice, barley, whole oats, oatmeal, bran cereals, and popcorn.
  • Try pancakes, muffins, or bread mixes made with whole-wheat or buckwheat flour.
  • Choose a whole grain like barley and add a small amount of dried fruit or toasted nuts.
  • Add beans to rice, pasta, salad, and soups.
  • Choose fresh fruit and vegetables instead of juices.

Increase your fiber intake gradually and drink at least 64 ounces of liquid (8 full glasses) each day.

Use this chart to choose foods that are good sources of fiber.

Amount of Fiber

Food

Serving Size

2 to 3 grams
Banana
1 medium
Broccoli or cauliflower
½ cup
Couscous, macaroni, or spaghetti
1 cup cooked
Dried apricots
½ cup
Fresh pineapple
1 cup
Green beans
½ cup
Nectarine or peach
1 medium
Orange
1 medium
Raw carrots
1 medium
Spinach or cabbage
½ cup
Whole-grain bread
1 slice
4 to 5 grams
Artichokes
1 cup
Apples
1 medium
Baked potatoes with skin
1 medium
Blueberries
1 cup
Brown rice
1 cup
Bran flakes
½ cup
Bulgur
½ cup
Cooked beets
1 cup
Dried figs
2
Fresh cranberries
1 cup
Green peas
½ cup
Mangoes
1 medium
Oatmeal
1 cup cooked
Strawberries
1 cup
6 grams
Barley
1 cup cooked
Canned plums
1 cup
Cooked beans: kidney, lima, black, northern, pinto
½ cup
Dried peaches
1 cup
Fresh raspberries
1 cup
Lentils
½ cup cooked
Shredded wheat cereal
1 cup
Whole-wheat pasta
1 cup cooked
Whole-wheat pita bread
8-inch diameter

Salt and potassium

Our bodies need some salt, but too much salt can increase your risk for:

  • High blood pressure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease

Salt is made up of sodium and chloride. The body needs about 2300 mg of sodium per day, or about 1 teaspoon of salt. The average US diet contains 3000 to 7000 mg of sodium each day. Nutrition labels list the amount of sodium in a serving size, rather than the amount of salt. Foods that are low in sodium (less than 140 mg or 5% of the Daily Value) are low in salt.

Salt that is found naturally in food makes up only about 10% of the salt we eat in a typical day. Adding salt to your food adds another 5% to 10%. The remaining 75% of salt in our diet comes from salt that is added during manufacturing. Fast foods and packaged and processed foods are high in salt and sodium. A fast-food cheeseburger and medium serving of French fries has about 1370 mg of sodium.

To lower the amount of salt in your diet:

  • Do not add salt to your food at the table.
  • Avoid preparing and cooking food with salt.
  • Use fresh herbs and spices for flavoring.
  • Read labels on all packaged foods to find the amount of sodium per serving.
  • Buy foods that say “low sodium,” “very low sodium,” “salt free,” and “sodium free” on the labels. Low-sodium foods have less than 140 mg of sodium per serving.
  • Limit ketchup, soy sauce, and salad dressing, as these are usually high in sodium.
  • Limit pickled and cured foods (sauerkraut, pickles, hot dogs, bacon, and processed lunch meats).
  • When you are eating out, choose plain foods and avoid sauces and condiments. Ask the waiter to have no additional salt added to your food.

If your blood pressure is high, choose foods that are naturally low in sodium and rich in potassium. Potassium is a mineral that helps keep blood pressure within a normal range. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) recommends that adults should have at least 4700 mg of potassium each day. Even if your blood pressure is normal, foods that are rich in potassium should still be part of your diet. If you are concerned about your blood pressure, be sure to talk to your doctor or nurse. Add some of the potassium-rich foods listed below to your daily diet.

Foods Rich in Potassium

Food (½-cup serving size)

Amount of Potassium

Banana
420 mg
Beet greens
290 mg
Dried apricots
375 mg
Orange
335mg
Prunes
400 mg
Spinach
420 mg
Sweet potato
700 mg
Tomato (3-inch diameter)
300 mg
Tomato paste
660 mg
White beans
600 mg
White potato
610 mg
Winter squash
330 mg

Calcium and vitamin D

Your body needs calcium in your diet everyday to keep your bones and teeth strong and to maintain healthy muscle and nerve function. When you are not getting enough calcium from your diet, your body makes up for this by taking calcium from your bones. If this calcium is not replenished by your diet, your bones can become weak and brittle. This is called osteoporosis. It puts you at greater risk for bone fractures.

Most of your bone mass is made during childhood and early adulthood. However, you are never too old to improve your bone health. Eat foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D. Take part in daily weight bearing activities, such as walking, jogging, lifting weights, or jumping rope, to strengthen your bones.

Here are tips for getting more calcium in your diet:

  • Have at least 2 to 3 servings of skim or low-fat dairy every day. Include milk, yogurt, or cheese. If you have trouble tolerating lactose (a sugar found in milk products), try lactose-free products, such as Lactaid® milk or soy products.
  • Almonds, leafy greens, soybeans, canned sardines, and salmon are also good sources of calcium.
  • Foods such as cereals and orange juice usually have added calcium.
  • Many people, including women during menopause, need calcium supplements. Check with your doctor or a dietitian to find out more about your calcium needs.

Without vitamin D, your body can't absorb the calcium in your diet. Vitamin D is found in fortified dairy products and some fatty fishes. However, most people get all the vitamin D they need from sunlight. If you are housebound, you may need to take a vitamin D supplement. Women who wear coverings for religious reasons may also need to get their vitamin D from supplements.

The table below lists the daily amount of calcium and vitamin D you need based on your age.

Daily Recommended Intake

Age

Calcium

Vitamin D

1 to 3 years
500 mg
200 IU
4 to 8 years
800 mg
200 IU
9 to 18 years
1300 mg
200 IU
19 to 50 years
1000 mg
200 IU
51 to 70 years
1200 mg
400 IU
70+ years
1200 mg
600 IU

IU=International Units

Alcohol

Alcoholic beverages provide calories but contain few nutrients. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. This means having no more than 1 drink a day if you are a woman and no more than 2 drinks a day if you are a man. One drink equals:

  • 12 ounces of beer
  • 5 ounces of wine
  • 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor

Evidence suggests that excessive alcohol intake can cause:

  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Cancer of the mouth
  • Cancer of the head and neck
  • Cancer of the esophagus
  • Breast cancer (evidence not as strong)
  • Colon cancer (evidence not as strong)

Some studies have shown that moderate drinking can decrease the risk for heart disease by increasing HDL levels (good cholesterol). However, it is still not a good idea to start drinking alcohol if you don't already.

Step 6: Putting Your Plan Into Action

These are the basic guidelines for a healthier diet and lifestyle. It is best to make gradual changes, focusing on one change at a time. Set goals to achieve success. Once you have reached one goal, move on to the next. If you would like nutrition information and counseling, call (212) 639-7071 to set up an appointment with a dietitian. He or she can help you plan a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Frequently Asked Questions

Should I take vitamins or minerals?

A well-balanced diet with a variety of foods usually has the right amount of vitamins and minerals. However, some people may have different nutritional needs and may benefit from taking a vitamin or mineral supplement. Examples are:

  • The elderly
  • People whose immune systems do not function well
  • Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant
  • People on very low-calorie diets
  • Premenopausal women
  • Alcoholics
  • Vegans

Ask your doctor or dietitian if you need to take any minerals or supplements.

Do I need a commercial wash to reduce the amount of pesticides on my produce?

Washing fruits and vegetables with water alone reduces pesticide residue as well as a commercial wash.

Are fresh fruits and vegetables more nutritious than frozen, canned, or dried?

Fresh fruits and vegetables are considered more nutritious. However, frozen and dried products without added sauces can also be healthy choices. These fruits and vegetables are picked and packaged at the peak of freshness and keep many of their nutrients. Avoid canned vegetables. Most are high in sodium.

Should I buy only organic fruits and vegetables?

Organic foods are grown with little fertilizer and no pesticides. Some studies suggest organic foods may have higher amounts of phytochemicals (compounds found in plants that have a beneficial effect on health), but there is not currently enough research to support this claim. Whether or not you buy organic, it is best to wash all of your produce well.

There are certain fruits and vegetables that may contain higher amounts of pesticides, including:

  • Cherries
  • Spinach
  • Grapes
  • Pears
  • Strawberries
  • Apples
  • Nectarines
  • Potatoes
  • Celery
  • Bell peppers
  • Peaches
  • Raspberries

You may wish to buy these products organic.

Should I buy hormone-free meat and dairy products?

Many people are concerned about hormones added to foods. The USDA does not allow hormones to be given to pigs, chickens, turkeys, and other fowl. However, hormones can be given to cattle and sheep. The amount of hormones that come from sheep and cattle is very small compared to what the human body produces each day. If you are concerned, choose a mostly plant-based diet. This means eating mostly fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds and reducing your meat intake.

Is a vegetarian diet healthier for me?

Not always. Many healthy diets include animal products. A vegetarian diet can lower the risk of some diseases, such as heart disease, kidney stones, and gallstones. The benefits include a lower intake of saturated fat, cholesterol, and animal protein. Vegetarian diets also have more antioxidants, folate, magnesium, potassium, and fiber. Try a diet that is mostly made up of plants. Talk to a dietitian to make sure that your vegetarian or mostly plant-based diet has all the nutrients you need.

Sample Menus

Use these sample menus to help you incorporate healthy foods into your diet and to inspire ideas for recipes of your own.

Meal Sample Menu #1 Sample Menu #2 Sample Menu #3

Breakfast

  • 1 cup of bran flakes with
    2 tablespoons of raisins
  • ½ cup of skim milk
  • 1 sliced banana
  • Coffee or tea with skim milk
  • 8 ounces of low-fat vanilla or fruit yogurt
  • 1 cup of cooked whole oats with 2 teaspoons of mixed cinnamon and sugar
  • ½ cup of fresh or canned fruit (in its own juice)
  • Coffee or tea with skim milk
  • Vegetable frittata (1 egg, 2 egg whites, and 1 cup of julienned vegetables)
  • 1 cup of cantaloupe cubes
  • Coffee or tea with
    skim milk

Lunch

  • Tuna salad (4 ounces of tuna packed in water and 1 tablespoon of low-fat mayonnaise)
  • 1 slice of multigrain bread
  • ½ cup of cold bean (canned, drained, and rinsed) and carrot salad
  • 1 cup of grapes
  • 16 ounces of sparkling water with a fresh lemon wedge
  • Turkey sandwich (3 ounces of roasted turkey breast on 2 slices whole-grain bread, 1 tablespoon of low-fat mayonnaise or mustard, ¼ of a sliced avocado, lettuce, and tomato)
  • 1 medium apple
  • 8 ounces of chocolate
    skim milk
  • 1 ½ cups of black bean and
    corn soup*
  • Whole-grain roll with
    1 slice of low-sodium cheese
  • 1 cup of mixed green salad
  • Salad dressing: 1 tablespoon of olive oil and 1 tablespoon of balsamic vinegar

Snack

  • 15 almonds
  • 1 orange
  • 2 cups of air popped popcorn (no added butter)
  • ½ cup of 1% cottage cheese
  • ½ cup of fresh fruit

Dinner

  • 4 ounces of whole-wheat pasta
  • ½ cup of tomato sauce, no added salt
  • 1 tablespoon of grated Parmesan cheese
  • 4 ounces of grilled chicken breast
  • 6 steamed asparagus spears
  • 1 cup of mixed greens with tomato, red onion, and 4 black olives
  • 2 tablespoons of low-fat dressing
  • 2 cups of vegetarian chili
  • 2 slices of whole-wheat bread or 1 medium whole-wheat dinner roll
  • 1 cup of mixed green salad
  • Salad dressing: 1 tablespoon of olive oil and 1 tablespoon of balsamic vinegar
  • 2 slices of watermelon
  • 6 ounces of broiled salmon
  • 1 cup of spinach and mushrooms sautéed in 2 tablespoons of oil and garlic
  • 1 sweet potato, sliced and roasted in the oven
  • 1 cup of cooked mushrooms
  • 1 cup of brown rice

Snack

  • 1 fresh pear topped with 1 crumbled graham cracker and 2 tablespoons of low-fat yogurt
  • ½ cup of fruit sorbet topped with 1 cup of fresh or frozen strawberries or raspberries
  • 1 cup of sugar-free cocoa made with skim milk
  • 1 baked apple topped with cinnamon

Nutritional Content

  • 1780 calories
  • 58 g fat
  • 10 g polyunsaturated fat
  • 12 g saturated fat
  • 30 g monounsaturated fat
  • 211 mg cholesterol
  • 37 g fiber
  • 933 mg calcium
  • 1800 mg sodium
  • 3370 mg potassium
  • 1800 calories
  • 28 g fat
  • 5 g polyunsaturated fat
  • 8 g saturated fat
  • 9 g monounsaturated fat
  • 81 mg cholesterol
  • 47 g fiber
  • 1300 mg calcium
  • 1600 mg sodium
  • 4200 mg potassium
  • 1700 calories
  • 47 g fat
  • 6 g polyunsaturated fat
  • 13 g saturated fat
  • 20 g monounsaturated fat
  • 320 mg cholesterol
  • 44 g fiber
  • 1050 mg calcium
  • 2300 mg sodium
  • 3300 mg potassium

*Recipe for Black Bean and Corn Soup

  • 28-ounce can of low-sodium crushed tomato and basil
  • 8 ounces of low-sodium tomato juice
  • 16-ounce can of rinsed black beans
  • 16-ounce can of rinsed white beans
  • 16-ounce can of rinsed kidney beans
  • 16-ounce can of sweet corn
  • 1 teaspoon of dry oregano
  • ½ teaspoon of rosemary
  • ½ teaspoon cracked red pepper flakes (optional)

Mix ingredients in a large pot and bring to a boil. Turn down heat and let simmer for 10 minutes. Serves 4.