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Sumatriptan (soo ma TRIP tan)

Adult Medication

Brand Names: U.S.

Alsuma; Imitrex; Imitrex STATdose Refill; Imitrex STATdose System; Sumavel DosePro

Brand Names: Canada

ACT-Sumatriptan; Apo-Sumatriptan; Ava-Sumatriptan; Dom-Sumatriptan; Imitrex DF; Imitrex Injection; Imitrex Nasal Spray; Mylan-Sumatriptan; PHL-Sumatriptan; PMS-Sumatriptan; Sandoz-Sumatriptan; Sumatriptan DF; Taro-Sumatriptan; Teva-Sumatriptan; Teva-Sumatriptan DF

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to treat migraine headaches.
  • It is used to treat cluster headaches.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?

  • If you have an allergy to sumatriptan succinate or any other part of this drug.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If you have any of these health problems: High blood pressure or some types of migraine headaches like hemiplegic or basilar migraine.
  • If you have ever had any of these health problems: Chest pain or pressure; diseased arteries going to the legs or arms; heart attack; heart disease; poor blood flow in the heart, brain, bowel, or kidney; stroke; or a heartbeat that is not normal like Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
  • If you have liver disease.
  • If you are using this drug to prevent migraine headaches.
  • If you have taken certain drugs used for low mood (depression) like isocarboxazid, phenelzine, or tranylcypromine or drugs used for Parkinson’s disease like selegiline or rasagiline in the last 14 days. Taking this drug within 14 days of those drugs can cause very bad high blood pressure. Talk with your doctor.
  • If you have taken almotriptan, eletriptan, frovatriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, or zolmitriptan in the last 24 hours.
  • If you have taken ergotamine, methysergide, dihydroergotamine, or any drug like them in the last 24 hours.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?

All products:

  • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that you use this drug.
  • Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert until you see how this drug affects you.
  • Have your blood pressure checked often. Talk with your doctor.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly allergic side effects have rarely happened. Talk with your doctor.
  • Use care if you have risks for heart disease (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, overweight, high blood sugar (diabetes), cigarette smoking, man older than 40 years of age, other family members with early heart disease, woman after change of life). Talk with your doctor.
  • If you have a headache that is not like your usual migraine headaches, talk with your doctor before you take this drug.
  • Taking more of this drug (a higher dose, more often) than your doctor told you to take may cause your headaches to become worse.
  • If you are 65 or older, use this drug with care. You could have more side effects.
  • This drug is not approved for use in children younger than 18 years of age. Talk with the doctor.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

Patch:

  • The patch may have metal. Take off the patch before an MRI.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

All products:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Seizures.
  • Loss of eyesight. This can be long-lasting.
  • Very bad headache or if headache is not better after the first dose.
  • A burning, numbness, or tingling feeling that is not normal.
  • Change in color of skin to a bluish color like on the lips, nail beds, fingers, or toes.
  • Hard stools (constipation).
  • Loose stools (diarrhea).
  • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Very bad belly pain or bloody loose stools.
  • Fever.
  • Weight loss.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Feeling of heaviness or tightness in your leg muscles.
  • Feeling cold.
  • Burning or aching pain in your feet or toes.
  • Change in hearing.
  • A very bad and sometimes deadly health problem called serotonin syndrome may happen. The risk may be greater if you take this drug with certain other drugs. Call your doctor right away if you have dizziness, very bad headache, agitation, hallucinations, fever, fast heartbeat, a heartbeat that does not feel normal, flushing, seizures, shakiness, sweating a lot, change in balance, change in thinking clearly and with logic, very bad upset stomach and throwing up, or very bad loose stools.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly heart problems like heart attack and a heartbeat that is not normal have rarely happened within a few hours of taking this drug. Call your doctor right away if you have chest, throat, neck, or jaw tightness, pain, pressure, or heaviness; break out in a cold sweat; shortness of breath; a fast heartbeat; a heartbeat that does not feel normal; or very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly brain blood vessel problems like stroke have rarely happened with this drug. Call your doctor right away if you have a change in strength on 1 side is greater than the other, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, or change in eyesight.

Patch:

  • Irritation where this drug is used.
  • Redness.
  • Blisters or sores that ooze, drain, or crust over.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

All products:

  • Dizziness.
  • Flushing.
  • Feeling of warmth.
  • Feeling tired or weak.
  • Feeling sleepy.
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.

Nose spray:

  • Bad taste in your mouth.
  • Burning.
  • Nose and throat irritation.

Shot:

  • Irritation where the shot is given.

Patch:

  • Pain where it was placed.
  • Change in color of skin where drug is used.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best taken?

Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read and follow the dosing on the label closely.

Tablet:

  • Take with or without food.
  • Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
  • Take with liquids as early as you can after the attack has started.
  • If your headache comes back after the first dose, 1 more dose may be taken 2 hours after the first one.

Shot:

  • The shot is given under the skin as early as it can be after the attack has started.
  • Your doctor will teach you how to give the shot.
  • Be sure you know where to give the shot. If you are not sure where to give the shot, talk with the doctor.
  • If more than 1 shot is needed, space each shot by 1 hour.
  • Follow how to use carefully.
  • Wash your hands before and after use.
  • Do not use if the solution is cloudy, leaking, or has particles.
  • Do not use if solution changes color.
  • Throw away needles in a needle/sharp disposal box. When the box is full, follow all local rules for getting rid of it. Talk with a doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Nose spray:

  • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use in your nose only. Keep out of your mouth and eyes (may burn).
  • Use this drug as early as you can after the attack has started.
  • Sit down before use.
  • Blow your nose before use.
  • If your headache comes back after the first dose, 1 more dose may be taken 2 hours after the first one.

Patch:

  • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use on your skin only.
  • Put patch on clean, dry, healthy skin on the upper arm or thigh.
  • You must put the patch on and activate it within 15 minutes of preparing it. Be sure you know how to do this.
  • Keep the patch in place for 4 hours or until the red light goes off.
  • If the patch loosens, put tape over it to hold it in place.
  • Do not put on cuts, scrapes, eczema, or damaged skin.
  • Do not put on skin with scars, tattoos, or a lot of hair.
  • Do not put near or over areas with certain devices like pacemakers, insulin pumps, and deep brain stimulators.
  • Do not use patches that are cut or do not look right.
  • If a site where you have put the patch before is red, do not put a new patch there until the redness is gone for at least 3 days.
  • If your headache comes back after the first patch is put on, 1 more patch may be put on at least 2 hours after the first one was activated.
  • Do not use more than 2 doses within 24 hours.
  • Do not treat more than 4 headaches within 30 days without checking with your doctor.
  • Do not bathe, shower, or swim after putting on.
  • After you take off a skin patch, be sure to fold the sticky sides of the patch to each other.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • This drug is taken on an as needed basis. Do not take more often than told by the doctor.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

All products:

  • Store at room temperature. Do not refrigerate or freeze.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
  • Protect from light.
  • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

Shot:

  • If you were given a storage case, store in the case you were given.

Patch:

  • Store in pouch until ready for use.

General drug facts

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Copyright

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