School of Radiation Therapy: Course Descriptions

The School of Radiation Therapy’s academic year is divided into fall and spring semesters. During each semester, students attend two days of classroom instruction and three days of clinical instruction. During the summer, students are on the clinic floor 5 days a week.

Clinical Setups I-II

This course is geared for first-year students. It is designed to provide an introduction into the various basic clinical patient setups that students encounter in their clinical rotations. The clinical setups will be broken down into their basic components and analyzed, with emphasis into the rationale for each. Practical surface anatomy will be covered. Students will be instructed on the methods and techniques used in accurately setting up a patient for treatment. Discussion on simulation concepts and principles will be presented. An integral part of the course is the review of simulation films. The class will provide a solid foundation of clinical setup skills that students will build on during their clinical rotations.

Methods of Patient Care

This course is designed to provide the student with foundation concepts and competencies in the assessment and evaluation of the patient for service delivery. Psychological and physical needs and factors affecting treatment outcome will be presented and examined. Routine and emergency care procedures will be presented. The basic information required for the student therapist to understand the medical implications of chemotherapeutic agents will be provided. The more common chemotherapeutic agents will be introduced, and the methods of administration and possible side effects will be discussed.

Medical Terminology

This course will establish a foundation in the standardized language of medical practice, including abbreviations and symbols. Knowledge of medical terms and their meanings will be used as a preparatory tool for reading, understanding, interpreting, and applying prescriptions to radiation therapy. It will help to give the student a deeper understanding of medical terms as they relate to radiation oncology.

Record Keeping

This course will familiarize the student with the patient chart and its content. All components of the legal document will be defined and discussed, ensuring that students know how to use proper documentation and find information relevant to the patient's treatment.

Clinical Anatomy I-II

Anatomy and physiology of the human body; emphasis on anatomy of the skeletal, muscular, circulatory, nervous, respiratory, digestive, excretory, reproductive, and endocrine systems. The components of the cell, tissues, organs, and systems will be discussed. The course will explore the clinical aspects of human anatomy in radiation oncology.

Ethics & Law in Radiation Therapy

This course will establish a basic foundation of professional practice for students working as part of the radiation therapy team. Ethical behavior for caregivers will be defined and discussed with a focus on the interdependence of the radiation therapist and the patient.

Radiation Physics I

This course is designed to provide a basic knowledge of physics as it pertains to the radiations used in the clinical setting. Fundamental physics units, measurements, principles, atomic structure, and types of radiation are emphasized. Also presented are fundamentals of x-ray generating equipment as well as x-ray production and its interaction with matter. Other topics include detailed analysis of the structure of matter, properties of radiation, nuclear transformation, x-ray production, and interactions of ionizing radiation.

Radiation Physics II

This course is designed to review and expand concepts and theories in the Radiation Physics course. Detailed analysis of the structure of matter, properties of radiation, nuclear transformation, x-ray production, and interactions of ionizing radiation are emphasized. Also presented are treatment units used in external radiation therapy, measurement and quality of ionizing radiation produced, absorbed dose measurement, dose distribution, and scatter analysis. In addition, the course will include properties of photon and electron beams, electron beam therapy, brachytherapy, gamma ray constants of isotopes, calculation of brachytherapy dose in clinical applications, systems of implant dosimetry, and implant techniques.

Radiation Protection

The student will be provided with the basic principles and concepts of radiation protection and safety. Radiation health and safety requirements of federal and state regulatory agencies, accreditation agencies, and health care organizations are incorporated. Specific responsibilities of the radiation therapist are discussed, examined, performed, and evaluated.

Principles of Radiography

This course is designed to establish a knowledge base in factors that govern and influence the production and recording of radiographic images for patient simulation, treatment planning, and treatment verification in radiation oncology. Radiation oncology imaging equipment and related devices will be emphasized. Class demonstrations/labs are used to demonstrate the application of theory.

Radiobiology

This course is designed to present basic concepts and principles of radiation biology. The interactions of radiation with cells, tissues and the body as a whole and resultant biophysical event will be presented. Discussion of the theories and principles of tolerance dose, time-dose relationships, fractionation schemes, and the relationship to the clinical practice of radiation therapy will be discussed, examined, and evaluated.

Pathology

This course will introduce the student to the concept of diseases. Emphasis will be placed on different types of growths, causative factors, and biological behavior. Etiology and clinical manifestations will be described. Students will be required to submit a research paper on assigned topics and present their findings in class.

Introduction to Radiation Therapy I-II

This two-semester course will provide the student with the fundamentals of clinical radiation oncology. Malignant conditions, their etiology, and methods of treatment are discussed. Attention is given to patient prognosis, treatment results, and the effects of combined therapies. In addition, this course will review calculations necessary for the various patient setups and treatments. The course will also introduce many concepts that will be taught in greater depth in subsequent classes in the senior year.

Clinical Radiation Oncology I-II

These courses will provide the student with the fundamentals of clinical radiation oncology. The medical, biological, and pathological aspects as well as the physical and technical aspects will be discussed. The diagnosis, treatment prescription, the documentation of treatment parameters and delivery, emergency procedures, and patient condition and education needs will also be presented, discussed, examined, and evaluated. The course is also designed to examine and evaluate the management of neoplastic disease using knowledge in arts and sciences, while promoting critical thinking and the basis of ethical clinical decision making. The epidemiology, etiology, detection, diagnosis, patient condition, treatment, and prognosis of neoplastic disease will be presented, discussed, and evaluated in relationship to histology, anatomical site, and patterns of spread. Oncologic emergencies and management of such will be discussed. The radiation therapist's responsibility in the management of neoplastic disease will be examined and linked to the skills required to analyze complex issues and make informed decisions while appreciating the character of the profession. This course is designed to be taught over a period of two semesters.

Treatment Planning I-II

This course is designed to give students an understanding of the factors that influence and govern clinical planning of patient treatment. Topics include isodose description, patient contouring, radiobiological considerations, dosimetric calculations, compensation, and clinical application of treatment beams. Optimal treatment planning is emphasized along with particle beams. Attention is given to the rationale, theory, and calculations for each method. Class demonstrations and projects are incorporated to complement specific content areas and are focus on clinical applications. This course is offered over a two-semester period. In addition, students will be assigned a two-week clinical rotation in the treatment planning department.

Quality Assurance

This course examines how we comprehend quality management as it relates to aspects of radiation therapy. Quality management protocols will be presented as they apply to patient care, record keeping, documentation, and equipment and radiation output.

Film Review

This course will ensure the student's proficiency at reading and analyzing films and treatment fields. Organs and structures will be located radiographically and discussed in relation to anatomical landmarks. Typical treatment fields, including borders, blocking, and nodal chains, will be identified and discussed.

Registry Examination Preparation

At the end of the fourth semester, student therapists will be given a comprehensive review of topics presented during the two years of the program by various instructors. Several practice type tests will be administered, including two computerized tests to simulate the style of the registry exam, as outlined in the Radiation Therapy Certification Handbook. These multiple-choice questions will be devised by instructors and students, and will include questions from semester course exams in addition to questions from review books. During this review, eligibility requirements, the application process, and exam security will be emphasized. In addition, students have the option of attending a 2- or 4-day Registry Review Seminar sponsored by Thomas Jefferson or Hartford Hospital. Participation in the 2- to 4-day registry review seminars is strictly on a voluntary basis and at the students' own expense.