Work in our laboratory is focused on understanding the molecular transactions that govern chromosome stability and replication. The association of cancer predisposition and other pathology with mutations that affect chromosomal metabolism forms the basis of our interest in this process. In this regard, we focus on a conserved multiprotein complex that includes Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1 in mammals or Xrs2 in the budding yeast S. cerevisiae. Our laboratory has isolated and characterized the human Mre11 complex, hMre11, hRad50, and Nbs1. We proved that an analogue of the S. cerevisiae Mre11 complex exists in human cells, and subsequently established definitive evidence that the yeast and human complexes mediate double-strand break repair in S. cerevisiae and mammalian cells, respectively. Our data suggest that in human cells, the complex acts as a sensor of DNA damage that participates in the activation of cell cycle checkpoints following g-irradiation.

Office phone:
212-639-2927
Office fax:
646-422-2062
Laboratory phone:
212-639-7795 / 7890
Laboratory fax:
646-422-2062
John H.J. Petrini, Molecular Biologist

At Work: Molecular Biologist John Petrini

In identifying proteins critical to DNA repair, molecular biologist John Petrini may expand knowledge of how unrepaired DNA damage can lead to cancer.