Pediatric Medication

Brand Names: US

Catapres; Catapres-TTS-1; Catapres-TTS-2; Catapres-TTS-3; Duraclon; Kapvay; Nexiclon XR [DSC]

Brand Names: Canada

Apo-Clonidine; Catapres; Dixarit; Dom-Clonidine; Novo-Clonidine



  • This drug is not for use to ease pain before, during, or after surgery. Most of the time, this drug is not for use while giving birth or after giving birth. Low blood pressure and slow heartbeat from this drug may cause problems in these people. Talk with the doctor.

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to treat high blood pressure.
  • It is used to treat attention deficit problems with hyperactivity.
  • It is used to control pain when infused into the spine.
  • It may be given to your child for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

What do I need to tell the doctor BEFORE my child takes this drug?

All products:

  • If your child has an allergy to this drug or any part of this drug.
  • If your child is allergic to any drugs like this one or any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell the doctor about the allergy and what signs your child had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If your child is taking another drug that has the same drug in it.
  • If your child is taking any of these drugs: Digoxin, diltiazem, verapamil, or a beta blocker like metoprolol or propranolol.


  • If your child has bleeding problems.
  • If your child has an infection where the shot will be given.
  • If your child is taking a blood thinner.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
Tell the doctor and pharmacist about all of your child’s drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for your child to take this drug with all of his/her drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug your child takes without checking with the doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while my child takes this drug?

All products:

  • Tell all of your child’s health care providers that your child is taking this drug. This includes your child’s doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • Have your child’s blood pressure and heart rate checked often. Talk with your child’s doctor.
  • To lower the chance of feeling dizzy or passing out, have your child get up slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Have your child be extra careful climbing stairs.
  • Alcohol may interact with this drug. Be sure your child does not drink alcohol.
  • If your child is taking this drug and has high blood pressure, talk with the doctor before giving OTC products that may raise blood pressure. These include cough or cold drugs, diet pills, stimulants, ibuprofen or like products, and some natural products or aids.
  • Have your child be careful in hot weather or while your child is being active. Have your child drink lots of fluids to stop fluid loss.
  • Good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help with dry mouth. Have your child see a dentist often.
  • Have your child avoid tasks or actions that call for alertness until you see how this drug affects your child. These are things like riding a bike, playing sports, or using items such as scissors, lawnmowers, electric scooters, toy cars, or motorized vehicles.

If your child is pregnant or breast-feeding a baby:

  • Talk with the doctor if your child is pregnant, becomes pregnant, or is breast-feeding a baby. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug.


  • Avoid giving your child other drugs and natural products that may slow your child’s actions.

All other products:

  • Talk with the doctor before giving your child other drugs and natural products that may slow your child’s actions.

All oral products:

  • Talk with the doctor to find out what to do if your child throws up after taking a dose of this drug.

Skin patch:

  • The patch may have metal. Take off the patch before an MRI.

What are some side effects that I need to call my child’s doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your child’s doctor or get medical help right away if your child has any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

All products:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Fast or slow heartbeat.
  • A heartbeat that does not feel normal.
  • Change in how contact lenses feel in the eyes.

Skin patch:

  • Very bad skin irritation.
  • Redness.
  • Burning.
  • Change in color of skin.


  • Trouble breathing, slow breathing, or shallow breathing.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your child’s doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother your child or do not go away:

All products:

  • Hard stools (constipation).
  • Dry mouth.
  • Dizziness.
  • Feeling sleepy.
  • Headache.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Feeling tired or weak.


  • Not able to sleep.
  • Bad dreams.
  • Not hungry.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Feeling irritable.

Skin patch:

  • Skin irritation.


  • Sweating a lot.
  • Throwing up.
  • Ringing in ears.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your child’s doctor. Call your child’s doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best given?

Give this drug as ordered by your child’s doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

All oral products and skin patch:

  • Give this drug at the same time of day.
  • To gain the most benefit, do not miss giving your child doses.
  • Keep giving this drug to your child as you have been told by your child’s doctor or other health care provider, even if your child feels well.
  • Do not stop giving this drug to your child all of a sudden without calling the doctor. Your child may have a greater risk of signs of withdrawal. If your child needs to stop this drug, you will want to slowly stop it as ordered by the doctor.

All oral products:

  • Give this drug with or without food.

Extended-release tablets:

  • Have your child swallow whole. Do not let your child chew, break, or crush.
  • If your child has trouble swallowing, talk with the doctor.

Liquid (suspension):

  • Shake well before use.
  • Measure liquid doses carefully. Use the measuring device that comes with this drug.

Skin patch:

  • Take off old patch first.
  • Wash your hands before and after use.
  • Put patch on clean, dry, healthy skin on the chest, back, or belly. Move the site with each new patch.
  • Clip hair at site before putting patch on. Do not shave.
  • If the patch loosens, put tape over it to hold it in place.
  • After you take off a skin patch, be sure to fold the sticky sides of the patch to each other.


  • It is given into the spine.
  • This drug will be given to your child by a doctor.

What do I do if my child misses a dose?


  • Skip the missed dose and go back to your child’s normal time.
  • Do not give 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

All other oral products:

  • Give a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your child’s next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your child’s normal time.
  • Do not put on 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

Skin patch:

  • Put on a missed patch as soon as you think about it after taking off the old one.
  • If it is close to the time for your child’s next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your child’s normal time.
  • Start a new timetable after the patch is put back on.
  • Do not put on 2 doses or extra doses.


  • Call your child’s doctor to find out what to do.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

All oral products and skin patch:

  • Store at room temperature.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.


  • If you need to store this drug at home, talk with your child’s doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.

All products:

  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

General drug facts

  • If your child’s symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your child’s doctor.
  • Do not share your child’s drug with others and do not give anyone else’s drug to your child.
  • Keep a list of all your child’s drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your child’s doctor.
  • Talk with your child’s doctor before giving your child any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your child’s doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date



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