Nitrofurantoin

Pediatric Medication

Brand Names: US

Furadantin; Macrobid; Macrodantin

Brand Names: Canada

Apo-Nitrofurantoin; Macrobid; Macrodantin; Novo-Furantoin; Teva-Nitrofurantoin

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to treat or prevent a bladder infection.

What do I need to tell the doctor BEFORE my child takes this drug?

  • If your child has an allergy to this drug or any part of this drug.
  • If your child is allergic to any drugs like this one or any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell the doctor about the allergy and what signs your child had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If your child has kidney disease.
  • If your child has trouble passing urine.
  • If this drug caused liver problems before.
  • Do not give this drug to an infant younger than 1 month of age.

If your child is more than 38 weeks pregnant:

  • Do not give this drug to your child if she is more than 38 weeks pregnant.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
Tell the doctor and pharmacist about all of your child’s drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for your child to take this drug with all of his/her drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug your child takes without checking with the doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while my child takes this drug?

  • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that your child is using this drug.
  • Be careful if your child has G6PD deficiency. Anemia may happen.
  • Have your child’s blood work checked if he/she is on this drug for a long time. Talk with your child’s doctor.
  • If your child has high blood sugar (diabetes), talk with the doctor about which glucose tests are best to use.
  • Do not give to your child longer than you have been told. A second infection may happen.
  • Alcohol may interact with this drug. Be sure your child does not drink alcohol.

If your child is pregnant or breast-feeding a baby:

  • Talk with the doctor if your child is pregnant, becomes pregnant, or is breast-feeding a baby. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug.

What are some side effects that I need to call my child’s doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your child’s doctor or get medical help right away if your child has any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of a pancreas problem (pancreatitis) like very bad stomach pain, very bad back pain, or very bad upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Change in eyesight.
  • Eye pain.
  • Not able to control eye movements.
  • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
  • Very bad headache.
  • Low mood (depression).
  • Change in color of skin to a bluish color like on the lips, nail beds, fingers, or toes.
  • Feeling very tired or weak.
  • It is common to have loose stools (diarrhea) when taking this drug. Rarely, a very bad and sometimes deadly form of loose stools may occur (pseudomembranous colitis). This may happen while your child is taking this drug or within a few months after he/she stops taking it. Call your child’s doctor right away if your child has stomach pain or cramps, very loose or watery stools, or bloody stools. Do not try to treat loose stools without first checking with the doctor.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly lung problems have rarely happened with this drug. Most of the time, this happens in people who are taking this drug for 6 months or longer. Lung problems may happen without warning signs. If your child takes this drug for a long time, the doctor will watch your child’s lung function. Call the doctor right away if you child has fever, chills, chest pain, a cough that is not normal, or trouble breathing or other breathing problems.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly liver problems have happened with this drug. Call your child’s doctor right away if your child has signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
  • Very bad and sometimes deadly nerve problems have happened with this drug. These nerve problems may not go away. The chance of nerve problems may be higher in people who have kidney problems, anemia, high blood sugar (diabetes), electrolyte problems, or low vitamin B. Call the doctor right away if your child has a burning, numbness, or a tingling feeling that is not normal.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your child’s doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother your child or do not go away:
  • Headache.
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Loose stools (diarrhea).
  • Not hungry.
  • Gas.
  • This drug may change the color of the urine to brown. This is normal and not harmful.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your child’s doctor. Call your child’s doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best given?

Give this drug as ordered by your child’s doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

All products:

  • To gain the most benefit, do not miss giving your child doses.
  • Give as you have been told, even if your child feels well.
  • Give this drug with food.
  • Have your child drink lots of noncaffeine liquids unless told to drink less liquid by your child’s doctor.
  • Do not give your child antacids that have magnesium trisilicate in them with this drug.

Liquid (suspension):

  • Shake well before use.
  • Measure liquid doses carefully. Use the measuring device that comes with this drug. If there is none, get an oral syringe, a dropper, a spoon, or a cup (only for older children) from your pharmacist.

What do I do if my child misses a dose?

  • Give a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your child’s next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your child’s normal time.
  • Do not give 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

Capsule:

  • Store at room temperature.

Liquid (suspension):

  • Store at room temperature. Do not freeze.
  • Store in original container.
  • Protect from light.
  • Throw away any unused portion after 30 days.

All products:

  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
  • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

General drug facts

  • If your child’s symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your child’s doctor.
  • Do not share your child’s drug with others and do not give anyone else’s drug to your child.
  • Keep a list of all your child’s drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your child’s doctor.
  • Talk with your child’s doctor before giving your child any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your child’s doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date

2015-06-02

Copyright

© 2015 Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.
If you have any questions or concerns, talk with a member of your healthcare team. You can reach them Monday through Friday from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm at ____________________. After 5:00 pm, during the weekend, and on holidays, please call____________________. If there’s no number listed, or you’re not sure, call 212-639-2000.
Nitrofurantoin
©2015 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - Generated on July 27, 2015