Kalexate; Kayexalate; Kionex; SPS
Kayexalate®; PMS-Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate
- It is used to treat high potassium levels.
For all patients taking this drug:
- If you have an allergy to sodium polystyrene sulfonate or any other part of this drug.
- If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
- If you have any of these health problems: Hard stools (constipation), low potassium levels, or if you have not had a bowel movement after surgery.
- If you have ever had any of these health problems: Bowel block, bowel disease, bowel surgery, not able to have a bowel movement, or long-term hard stools (constipation).
- If you are taking any of these drugs: Magnesium hydroxide or sorbitol.
- If your child is a newborn with bowel function that is not normal.
- If your child is a premature baby or is a newborn. Do not give this drug to a premature baby or a newborn.
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take this drug. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- If you are on a low-salt diet (this drug has salt), talk with your doctor.
- Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
- If you are taking a salt substitute that has potassium, potassium-sparing diuretics, or potassium, talk with your doctor.
- This drug may prevent other drugs taken by mouth from getting into the body. If you take other drugs by mouth, you may need to take them at some other time than this drug. Talk with your doctor.
- If you are 65 or older, use this drug with care. You could have more side effects.
- Use with care in children. Talk with the doctor.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug while you are pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of low potassium levels like muscle pain or weakness, muscle cramps, or a heartbeat that does not feel normal.
- Mood changes.
- Change in the way you act.
- Feeling confused.
- Fast or slow heartbeat.
- Very loose stools (diarrhea).
- Swelling in the arms or legs.
- Very bad and sometimes deadly bowel problems like bleeding, swelling, and tearing have happened with this drug. Most people who had these problems were also taking sorbitol. The chance of these problems may be raised if you have low blood volume, kidney disease, or if you have ever had bowel disease or surgery. Call your doctor right away if you have black, tarry, or bloody stools; hard stools (constipation); belly pain; swelling of the stomach; or throwing up blood or throw up that looks like coffee grounds.
- Not hungry.
- Upset stomach or throwing up.
- Most of the time, this drug will be given in a doctor’s office.
- Your doctor may teach you how to use.
- Follow how to use carefully.
- It may be given by mouth or given rectally.
- Shake well before use.
- Mix powder with liquid. Ask the doctor how much liquid you need to use. Shake or mix well.
- Use the solution within 24 hours.
- Keep suspension in your rectum as long as you can.
- Many times this drug is used on an as needed basis. Do not use more often than told by the doctor.
- Call your doctor to find out what to do.
- Store at room temperature.
- Protect from heat.
- Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.
- Do not freeze.
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
- Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
- Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
- Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.