Tube Feeding Quick Reference Guide

This information is a brief overview of the different types of feeding tubes that can be used to help give you the nutrients you need while you can’t eat, swallow safely, or maintain your weight.

Please review the tube feeding resource you received for more information specific to your type of feeding tube.

Types of Feeding Tubes

Nasogastric (NG) tube

  • An NG tube is placed through your nose, down your throat, into your esophagus (food pipe), and then into your stomach.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)

  • A (PEG) tube goes from an opening in your abdominal wall into your stomach.
  • This tube is placed using an endoscope. An endoscope is a flexible tube with a camera at the end used to examine the inner parts of the body.

Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ)

  • A (PEJ) tube goes from an opening in your abdominal wall into your jejunum (small intestine), skipping past your stomach.
  • This tube is placed using an endoscope.
  • A pump must be used for feedings with a PEJ tube.

Button

  • A PEG or PEJ tube may be replaced by a button. The button lies flat on your abdomen (belly) and is more comfortable for long-term use.
  • An adapter must to be used for feedings with a button.

Surgical gastrostomy tube (GT)

  • A surgical GT goes from an opening in your abdominal wall into your stomach.

Surgical jejunostomy tube (JT)

  • A JT goes from an opening in your abdomen into your jejunum.
  • A pump must be used for feedings with a JT tube.

PEG-J (Super PEG)

  • A PEG-J (also called a Super PEG) is a tube within a tube. It goes from an opening in your abdomen into your stomach.
  • This tube can be used to drain fluid from your stomach.
  • This tube has an extension that goes into your jejunum for feeding.
  • A pump must be used for feedings with a PEG-J.
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Tips for Tube Feeding

Formula: _______________

Goal: __________________ cans or milliliters (mL) per day

  • Sit in an upright position (at least a 45-degree angle) during your feeding to prevent aspiration.
  • You can walk around during your feeding, if you wish.
  • Do not lie down for 1 hour after your feeding.
Bolus Method
Gravity Method
Pump Method
Give ____ cans
3        4        5

times a day.

Flush your tube with 30 to 60 mL of water before and after each feeding.

 
Give ____ cans
3        4        5

times a day over ____ minutes.

Flush your tube with 30 to 60 mL of water before and after each feeding.

 

Start by giving ____ mL per hour over ____ hours.

Increase the rate by ____ mL per hour, every 24 hours, until you reach your goal rate of ____ mL per hour, per day.

Flush your tube with 30 to 60 mL of water before and after each feeding.

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Follow-up Care

Your nurse practitioner will schedule an appointment for you in the nutrition clinic. If you cannot keep your appointment, please call your doctor at the number below to reschedule:

Dr. Schattner: 212-639-3148
Dr. Shike: 212-639-6984
Dr. Mendelson: 212-639-8152
  • Start to cough at the beginning of or during your feeding.
    • If this happens, stop the feeding immediately.
  • Have a temperature of 101° F (38.3° C) or higher
  • Have diarrhea or constipation
  • Are vomiting, feel bloated, or have stomach cramps
  • Have pain, redness, or drainage at the tube site
  • Are not able to unclog the tube
  • Have dry skin
  • Have excessive thirst
  • Have shortness of breath
  • Feel tired or confused
  • Have swollen ankles, feet, or legs
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