Your Child's Development From 3 to 5 Years

This information describes skills your child is likely to develop between the ages of 3 and 5 years.

What Can You Do To Help Your Child’s Development

Although your child is undergoing cancer treatment and may not feel energetic, it is still important to encourage movement, communication, and play as part of their daily routine. Here are some things you can do:

  • Encourage your child to be physically active, with supervision.
  • Encourage actions by praising your child when they show good behavior.
  • Let your child make choices.
  • Encourage your child to play with other children.
  • Let your child be as independent as possible.
  • Have your child help with simple chores.
  • Encourage imagination during play.
  • Teach your child to take turns during play with others.
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Call Your Child’s Doctor If Your Child:

  • Can’t jump in place.
  • Has trouble scribbling.
  • Shows no interest in interactive games or make-believe.
  • Ignores other children or doesn’t respond to people outside the family.
  • Resists dressing, sleeping, and using the toilet.
  • Can’t retell a favorite story.
  • Doesn’t follow 3-part commands.
  • Doesn’t understand “same” and “different.”
  • Doesn’t use “me” and “you” correctly.
  • Speaks unclearly.
  • Loses skills they once had.
  • Doesn’t like to change position.
  • Doesn’t like minor changes in environment (such as noise level or lighting).
  • Doesn’t feel comfortable trying to balance on different types of surfaces.
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