Colorectal Cancer Nomogram Glossary
Chemotherapy administered after surgery
A tumor marker for colorectal cancer
The pouch that forms the first part of the large intestine
Surgical removal of all cancerous tissue
Cancer that is restricted to the site of origin, without evidence of spread, or metastasis, to distant sites.
Whether the presence of one or more tumor cells was found in the lymphatic or vascular structure
The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another
If a lymph node is “negative,” cancer cells are not present within the node
Whether the presence of one or more tumor cells was found in or around the nerves
If a lymph node is “positive,” cancer cells are present within the node
The S-shaped section of the colon that connects to the rectum
Cancer that has returned after complete surgical resection.
A categorical staging system commonly used to convey risk by grouping patients based on anatomic elements.
The stage of the tumor; this is based upon the TNM anatomic staging system
The present “gold standard” for risk assessment; based on two elements for patients with nonmetastatic colon cancer: 1) the extent of tumor penetration into the intestinal wall (T-Stage) and 2) the number of localized lymph nodes containing metastases (N-Stage).
The degree of atypical cellular architecture atypical cellular formations as noted by the pathologist. Tumors can be labeled as poor, moderate, or well differentiated.