Diagnosis & Treatment at Memorial Sloan Kettering

Because Wilms’ tumor is a rare disease, most physicians have limited experience caring for children diagnosed with it. However, Memorial Sloan Kettering has a long history of diagnosing and treating children with Wilms’ tumor — up to ten new patients each year.

Our experienced team of doctors, nurses, and support staff has specialized expertise gained through treating difficult and challenging cases, including bilateral tumors, tumors that surgeons from other hospitals have considered inoperable, and tumors that have ruptured before diagnosis.

Our surgeons work closely with the international Children’s Oncology Group in managing Wilms’ tumor patients, and have vast experience treating cancerous cells that have spread beyond the kidney to other parts of the body. Our team is highly skilled in managing complicated and advanced tumors that require chemotherapy prior to surgery or radiation therapy during surgery. For children whose tumors have returned after treatment, we can also provide high-dose chemotherapy with blood or marrow transplantation.

  • Diagnosis & Staging

    When Wilms' tumor is suspected, our team usually performs a sonogram and CT scan to examine a child's chest, abdomen, and pelvis for any signs of cancer. After diagnosis, we will stage your child's tumor using the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group (NWTS) staging system.

  • Treatment

    Until the 1960s, most children with Wilms' tumor died of the disease. Today, thanks to modern treatment advances, doctors at Memorial Sloan Kettering are able to cure nine out of ten children diagnosed with Wilms' tumor.