Reishi mushroom is a fungus that holds an important place in the traditional medical systems of China, Japan, Korea and other Asian countries for its health promoting effects. It is used as an immunestimulant by patients with HIV and cancer. The active constituents are thought to include both beta-glucan polysaccharides and triterpenes.
Extracts of reishi were shown to have immunomodulatory (2) (3) (4) (5) (12), renoprotective (9), anti-inflammatory (36), and hepatoprotective (37)properties both in vitro and in vivo.
Clinical studies indicate its benefits in improing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men (10) (20), and in exerting mild antidiabetic effects and improving dyslipidaemia (29).
Reishi has also been studied for its anticancer potential. In vitro and animal studies indicate that it has chemopreventive effects (21), alleviates chemotherapy-induced nausea (13), enhances the efficacy of radiotherapy (22), and increases the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin (27). It may also help prevent cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (28).
In small clinical studies, reishi increased plasma antioxidant capacity (6) (7), and enhanced immune responses in advance-stage cancer patients (8). Remission of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was reported in a few cases in a single study (23). However, further research is needed to establish use of reishi as an anticancer agent (30).
An in vitro study reported that reishi mushroom extract has toxic effects in leukocytes (14). More research is needed to determine its safety and effectiveness as an adjunctive cancer treatment.