Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate

Adult Medication

Brand Names: US

Makena

What is this drug used for?

  • It delays a baby’s birth when it is too early.
  • It is used to treat some uterine cancers.
  • It is used to treat abnormal period (menstrual) cycles.
  • It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?

For all uses of this drug:

  • If you have an allergy to hydroxyprogesterone, castor oil, or any other part of this drug.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If you have a blood clot, have ever had a blood clot, or have been told you are at risk of getting a blood clot.
  • If you have any of these health problems: Liver disease or liver tumors.
  • If you have high blood pressure.
  • If you have unexplained vaginal bleeding.
  • If you have ever had breast cancer or another cancer where hormones make it grow.
  • If you turned yellow during pregnancy or with estrogen-based or hormone contraceptive use.

For delaying a baby’s birth:

  • If you are pregnant with more than 1 baby.
  • If you are not pregnant.

For all uses of this drug other than delaying a baby’s birth:

  • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant. Do not use this drug if you are pregnant.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?

For all uses of this drug:

  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take this drug. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), you will need to watch your blood sugar closely.
  • This drug is not approved for use in children. Talk with the doctor.
  • This drug is not approved for use in women who are going through or have been through the change of life (menopause). Talk with your doctor.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

For delaying a baby’s birth:

  • This drug is not approved to stop labor that has already started. Talk with your doctor.

For all uses of this drug other than delaying a baby’s birth:

  • This drug is not for use as a pregnancy test. Talk with your doctor.
  • Be sure to have regular breast exams and gynecology check-ups. Your doctor will tell you how often to have these. You will also need to do breast self-exams as your doctor has told you. Talk with your doctor.
  • Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
  • This drug may cause dark patches of skin on your face. Avoid sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds. Use sunscreen and wear clothing and eyewear that protects you from the sun.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

For all uses of this drug:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of high blood sugar like confusion, feeling sleepy, more thirst, more hungry, passing urine more often, flushing, fast breathing, or breath that smells like fruit.
  • Signs of high blood pressure like very bad headache or dizziness, passing out, or change in eyesight.
  • Low mood (depression).
  • Swelling in hands or feet.
  • Very bad irritation where the shot was given.
  • Swelling where this drug is used.
  • Oozing of blood or fluid where the shot was given.
  • Yellow skin or eyes.
  • Vaginal bleeding that is not normal.
  • Blood clots have happened with this drug. Sometimes, these blood clots have been deadly. Call your doctor right away if you have chest, arm, back, neck, or jaw pain or pressure; coughing up blood; numbness or weakness on 1 side of your body, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, or change in eyesight; shortness of breath; or swelling, warmth, or pain in the leg or arm.

For all uses of this drug other than delaying a baby’s birth:

  • For women, no period.
  • A deep voice or more facial hair.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

For all uses of this drug:

  • Pain where the shot was given.
  • Irritation where the shot is given.
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.

For delaying a baby’s birth:

  • Loose stools (diarrhea).

For all uses of this drug other than delaying a baby’s birth:

  • Stomach cramps.
  • Bloating.
  • Breast soreness.
  • Weight gain or loss.
  • Headache.
  • Hair loss.
  • Lowered interest in sex.
  • More interest in sex.
  • Feeling more or less hungry.
  • Dizziness.
  • Feeling tired or weak.
  • Back pain.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best taken?

Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
  • It is given as a shot into a muscle.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • Call your doctor to find out what to do.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?

  • If you need to store this drug at home, talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.

General drug facts

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date

2016-07-13

Copyright

© 2016 Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.