Sodium Chloride

Adult Medication

Brand Names: US

4-Way Saline [OTC]; Afrin Saline Nasal Mist [OTC]; Altachlore [OTC]; Altamist Spray [OTC]; Ayr Nasal Mist Allergy/Sinus [OTC]; Ayr Saline Nasal Drops [OTC]; Ayr Saline Nasal Gel [OTC]; Ayr Saline Nasal No-Drip [OTC]; AYR Saline Nasal Rinse [OTC]; Ayr Saline Nasal [OTC]; Ayr [OTC]; Baby Ayr Saline [OTC]; Broncho Saline [OTC]; Deep Sea Nasal Spray [OTC]; Entsol Nasal Wash [OTC]; Entsol Nasal [OTC]; Entsol [OTC]; Humist [OTC]; HyperSal; Muro 128 [OTC]; Na-Zone [OTC]; Nasal Moist [OTC]; Nebusal; Ocean Complete Sinus Rinse [OTC]; Ocean for Kids [OTC]; Ocean Nasal Spray [OTC]; Ocean Ultra Saline Mist [OTC]; Pretz Irrigation [OTC]; Pretz [OTC]; PulmoSal; Rhinaris [OTC]; Safe Wash [OTC]; Saline Flush ZR; Saline Mist Spray [OTC]; Saljet Rinse [OTC]; Saljet [OTC]; Sea Soft Nasal Mist [OTC]; Sea-Clens Wound Cleanser [OTC]; Sochlor [OTC]; Sodium Chloride Thermoject Sys; SwabFlush Saline Flush; Wound Wash Saline [OTC]

What is this drug used for?

  • It is used to treat low sodium levels.
  • It is used in the diet to meet sodium needs.
  • It is used to treat fluid loss.
  • It is used to mix with a drug that is given as a shot.
  • It is used to thin mucus so it can be taken from the body by coughing.
  • It is used to mix with other drugs for use in a special machine (nebulizer).
  • It is used to treat dry or irritated nose passages.
  • It is used to thin fluid in the nose passages.
  • It is used to clean wounds.


  • It is used to lower swelling.

All products:

  • It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?

All products:

  • If you have an allergy to sodium chloride or any other part of this drug.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.

Oral and shot:

  • If you have high sodium levels or swelling.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?

All products:

  • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that you use this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this drug while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

Oral and shot:

  • If you are on a low-salt or salt-free diet, talk with your doctor.
  • Have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.

All eye products:

  • Use care when driving or doing other tasks that call for clear eyesight.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

All products:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.

All eye products:

  • Change in eyesight, eye pain, or very bad eye irritation.

Oral and shot:

  • Swelling in the arms or legs.
  • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Seizures.
  • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
  • Feeling very tired or weak.
  • Muscle spasm.


  • Very bad nose irritation.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

All eye products:

  • Burning.
  • Eye irritation.


  • Pain and irritation where this drug goes into the body.


  • Upset stomach or throwing up.


  • Nose irritation.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to your national health agency.

How is this drug best taken?

Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read and follow the dosing on the label closely.


  • Take tablets with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
  • Take with a full glass of water.
  • You may melt the tablet in water and drink.


  • It is given as a shot into a vein.
  • It is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.

Liquid for breathing in:

  • You will use by breathing in from the mouth with a special machine (nebulizer). Your doctor will teach you the right way to use.


  • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use in your nose only. Keep out of your mouth and eyes (may burn).
  • Blow your nose before use.


  • Wash your hands before and after use.
  • Clean affected part before use. Make sure to dry well.

All eye products:

  • For the eye only.
  • Wash your hands before and after use.
  • Take out contact lenses before using this drug. Lenses may be put back in 15 minutes after this drug is given. Do not put contacts back in if your eyes are irritated or infected.
  • Do not touch the container tip to the eye, lid, or other skin.

Eye drops:

  • Tilt your head back and drop drug into the eye.
  • Gently press the skin under the lower eyelid and pull the lower eyelid away from the eye slightly until you can see a small pouch.
  • After use, keep your eyes closed. Put pressure on the inside corner of the eye. Do this for 1 to 2 minutes. This keeps the drug in your eye.
  • Do not use if the solution is cloudy, leaking, or has particles.
  • Do not use if solution changes color.

Eye ointment:

  • Gently pull down the lower lid and squeeze in how much the doctor told you to use.
  • Let go of the lower eyelid and keep eyes closed for 1 to 2 minutes.

What do I do if I miss a dose?


  • Call the doctor to find out what to do.

All other products:

  • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

How do I store and/or throw out this drug?


  • This drug will be given to you in a hospital or doctor’s office. You will not store it at home.

All other products:

  • Store at room temperature. Do not freeze.
  • Protect from heat.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.

All products:

  • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to throw out unused drugs.

General drug facts

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else’s drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. You must talk with the healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Last Reviewed Date



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Sodium Chloride
©2016 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - Generated on February 5, 2016