Mediterranean Diet
Mediterranean Diet
This information describes the common uses of Mediterranean Diet, how it works, and its possible side effects.

How It Works

The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduction in the incidence of many diseases, but may not be suitable for everyone.

A Mediterranean diet is commonly consumed in regions that border the Mediterranean Sea. It consists of a variety of fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes, poultry, fish, nuts, seeds, olive oil, and moderate intake of red wine with meals. Epidemiological studies show that the Mediterranean diet is a model of healthy eating that contributes to better health and overall quality of life, and can reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, certain cancers, and death.

Purported Uses

  • Heart disease
    Several studies support this use.
  • Disease/cancer prevention
    The Mediterranean diet has been shown to be beneficial in several studies.
  • Weight management
    Several studies support its use for weight loss.
  • Diabetes management
    Mediterranean diet was found to be helpful in managing diabetes.
  • Cholesterol management
    Several studies support this claim.

Do Not Take If

  • You have food allergies: The Mediterranean diet consists of a variety of grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts/seeds.
  • You have gastrointestinal difficulties: The Mediterranean diet may compound digestive problems.

Special Point

  • Cancer patients may have special nutritional needs and should consult a dietician before changing diet.
  • Alcohol consumption can increase the risk of certain cancers.