Instructions After a Cone Biopsy of the Cervix

This information explains how to care for yourself at home after a cone biopsy of your cervix.

The cervix is the bottom part of your uterus, and connects your uterus to your vagina (see figure). It is the part of the uterus that dilates (opens) during childbirth. Menstrual blood flows through the cervix to the vagina and out of the body.

In a cone biopsy procedure, your doctor will remove a small, cone-shaped part of your cervix and study it under a microscope. The biopsy helps your doctor evaluate any problems you are having. Your cervix will heal over time.

Instructions for Home Care

  • Use sanitary pads for vaginal discharge. The first 4 days after your procedure, you may have vaginal discharge that looks like a menstrual period. The amount varies for each woman. Over the next 2 or 3 weeks after your procedure, your vaginal discharge will become clear and watery and will stop.
  • Do not put anything inside your vagina until your doctor says your cervix is healed. This is usually in 4 to 6 weeks after your procedure. This includes using tampons and douches and having vaginal intercourse.
  • Drink 2 to 3 quarts of liquids in the first 24 hours after your procedure. Eat well-balanced, healthy meals.
  • Take showers instead of tub baths. Do not soak in water (e.g., tub baths, swimming) until your doctor sees you at the first visit after your procedure. This will be about 4 weeks after your procedure.
  • Avoid heavy housework, lifting objects over 10 pounds, and strenuous exercise (such as running and aerobics) for 1 month after your procedure.
  • Your next period may be late or you may have heavier blood flow than usual.
  • Call your doctor’s office to schedule your first visit after your procedure. This should be in about 4 weeks after your procedure.
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Call Your Doctor or Nurse if You Have:

  • A temperature of 101° F (38.3° C) or higher
  • Chills
  • Blood clots or bleeding that is heavier than your normal menstrual period
  • Vaginal discharge that smells foul
  • Pain that is not relieved by prescribed pain medications
  • Any questions or concerns
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