This information explains how to care for dry skin.
About Dry Skin
Dry skin can be a problem all year, but it’s more common in the winter when the humidity is low and the air is dry. Dry skin can look flaky, cracked, or red. It may also be itchy. It’s important to treat dry skin because your skin protects you from the environment. You can treat your dry skin by rehydrating it and adding moisture to your home.
The information below is for people who aren’t having radiation therapy. If you’re having radiation therapy, your nurse will give you separate information about how to care for your skin in the area being treated. Ask your radiation therapy nurse before you do any of the things listed in this resource.Back to top
Tips to Relieve Dry Skin
Follow the tips below to help with your dry skin. These tips can also be used to prevent dry skin.
- Take a short bath or shower with lukewarm or cool water every other day. If you must shower daily, take a quick shower. Don’t soak in a tub for a long time.
- Some soaps may be harsh on your skin. Use a gentle soap with moisturizer, such as:
- Wear a moisturizer with broad-spectrum sunscreen all year round. Broad spectrum sunscreens help protect against both UVA and UVB sun rays. These sunscreens will have “broad spectrum” on the label. If your moisturizer doesn’t have sunscreen, you can apply your sunscreen on top of your moisturizer.
- Apply a moisturizer right after you get out of the shower or bath, while your skin is still damp. Most of these moisturizers are available with sunscreen:
- Petroleum jelly (Vaseline®)
- Sarna with menthol (gives a cooling sensation)
- Reapply your moisturizer at bedtime.
- Apply petroleum jelly or the moisturizer recommended by your doctor or nurse to your hands and feet at bedtime. Cover them with cotton gloves or socks.
- Wear a fragrance-free lip balm that has no vitamins. Reapply it as needed.
- After you wash your hands, pat them dry with a towel, then apply moisturizer.
Look at your skin often. Very dry skin can crack or open. If bacteria gets in, it can lead to an infection.
- During the winter, protect your skin by wearing a hat and gloves while outdoors.
- Wear clothing made of 100% cotton and then layer it with woolen clothes.
- Drink plenty of liquids every day.
- Keep the air in your home moist by lowering the heat. For more information about managing dry air, read our resource Using Moisture to Manage Dry Air.
- Wear rubber gloves to avoid direct contact with harsh household cleansers. Reapply hand cream throughout the day.
- Use a mild laundry detergent, such as:
- All® Free Clear
- Cheer® Free & Gentle
- Tide® Free & Gentle
What to Avoid
Dry skin may be sensitive. If you have dry skin, you should avoid:
- Rubbing your skin. Pat your skin with a clean towel to dry off. Don’t rub it dry.
- Scratching your skin, even if it’s itchy. Scratching will only make it worse.
- Direct contact with fabrics, such as wool or angora (wool that comes from the Angora rabbit). They may irritate your skin.
- Use of products, such as colognes, perfumes, gels, or aftershaves, that contain alcohol.
- Licking your lips
- Scrubbing your skin with a loofah or sponge. They contain germs and can irritate your skin.
Contact Your Doctor or Nurse if You Have:
- A temperature of 100.4° F (38° C) or higher
- Pain, redness, swelling, or warmth around open or cracked skin
- Pus draining from open or cracked skin
- Severe itching
- Cracks in your skin
- A dry, flaky, or itchy scalp
- Dryness in your lips, eyes, inside of your mouth, ears, or nose
- Dry skin after you tried the tips in this resource
- Any questions or unexpected problems