This information will help you care for your scar after skin surgery.
How Your Skin Heals After Surgery
Scars are a part of your body’s healing process. They can form after surgery or when you have a cut or other wound on your skin.
After your surgery or procedure, your wound may be very red, swollen, or feel numb. In the first weeks after surgery, please follow the instructions from your healthcare provider on how to care for your surgery site. After several weeks, the scar that forms may feel hard, tight, raised, or bumpy. Over time, the scar will become softer, smoother, and less red. Your scar will continue to heal for 12 to 18 months after your surgery.
Caring for Your Scar at Home
Scars don’t go away completely, but you can do things to help your scar look and feel better. Talk with your dermatologist (skin doctor) before doing any of the things below. Most people can start doing them about 4 weeks after surgery.
Protect your scar from the sun
Exposing your scar to sunlight can make it heal more slowly. It can also make the scar darker and more noticeable.
It’s important to protect your scar when you’re outside or any time it may be exposed to the sun. You can do the following things:
- Apply sunscreen to your scar. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that’s SPF 30 or higher.
- Wear a hat with a wide brim to block the sun.
- Wear clothing that’s designed to block the sun.
For more information about using sunscreen, read the resource Understanding Sunscreen. You can find it online, or you can ask your nurse.
Massage your scar
Massaging your scar can help make it less hard. To do this, use your fingers to gently massage your scar for 1 to 2 minutes. You can do this 1 to 3 times per day.
Use silicone products
Silicone products, such as silicone sheets and gels, can keep your scar moisturized and help it heal. You can use them under your makeup and clothing.
Silicone sheets may help make your scar softer and more flat.
To use a silicone sheet, cut it to the size of your scar and apply it to the scar. You can leave it on for several hours or overnight. You can wash the sheet daily and reuse it. Some brands of silicone sheets include Cica-Care®, Rejuveness®, Scar Fx®, and ScarGuard®.
To use a silicone gel, apply it to your scar and let it dry. You can do this daily. Some brands of silicone gels include Biocorneum®, Kelo-cote®, Mederma®, and ScarGuard.
You can use special makeup called camouflage makeup to cover your scar. Camouflage makeup helps your scar match your natural skin color. Some brands of camouflage makeup include Dermablend® and SmartCover®.
You can also try putting green-tinted makeup over a red scar to help it blend in with your skin color.
Medical Treatments for Scars
There are also medical treatments that may help your scar look and feel better. Examples of these treatments include:
- Steroid injections (shots)
- Dermabrasion (surgical scraping of your top skin layers)
- Laser treatments
These treatments can be done after enough time has passed for your scar to heal on its own. Your dermatologist will tell you if one of these treatments may be right for you.