This information will help you prepare for your ovarian transposition surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK), and help you understand what to expect during your recovery.
About Ovarian Transposition
Ovarian transposition is a surgery that moves your ovaries out of the field of radiation. This will lower the amount of radiation your ovaries are exposed to during your radiation therapy and may help your ovaries keep working properly after your treatment. If your ovaries are working properly, you have a better chance of having children after your cancer treatment. You will also be less likely to go into early menopause.
Your ovaries are located in the lower area of your pelvis (see Figure 1). In adults, the ovaries and fallopian tubes have to be separated from the uterus to move them far enough away (see Figure 2). In children, the ovaries and fallopian tubes can usually be moved out of the field of radiation without having to separate them from the uterus.
If you are interested in having children after your cancer treatment, here are some things you should know.
- If your ovaries and fallopian tubes are separated from your uterus during your ovarian transposition surgery, they can’t be reconnected or moved back after your treatment is over. You won’t be able to get pregnant on your own. If you’re interested in getting pregnant in the future, you will need to see a reproductive endocrinologist (fertility specialist).
- Even if you have an ovarian transposition, your ovaries will still be exposed to some radiation. This can affect your chances of having biological children, especially if you’re also getting chemotherapy.
- Some women have eggs collected and frozen before the surgery to improve their chances of having biological children. Ask your surgeon if this is an option for you. If it is, and you’re interested in this, ask for a referral to a reproductive endocrinologist .
- We can’t move your uterus outside the field of radiation. Depending on the dose of radiation received, your uterus may be damaged. This could affect your ability to get pregnant or carry a pregnancy to term. Ask your radiation oncologist if you will be able to carry a pregnancy after your radiation therapy.
Before Your Surgery
Before your surgery, you will have an appointment for presurgical testing (PST). The date, time, and location of your PST appointment will be printed on the appointment reminder from your surgeon’s office. You can eat and take your usual medications the day of your PST appointment.
During your appointment, you will meet with a nurse practitioner who works closely with anesthesiology staff (doctors and specialized nurses who will be giving you medication to put you to sleep during your surgery). Your NP will review your medical and surgical history with you. You will have tests, including an electrocardiogram (EKG) to check your heart rhythm, a chest x-ray, blood tests, and any other tests necessary to plan your care. Your NP may also recommend you see other healthcare providers.
Your NP will talk with you about which medications you should take the morning of your surgery.
It is very helpful if you bring the following with you to your PST appointment:
- A list of all the medications you’re taking, including patches and creams.
- Results of any tests done outside of MSK, such as a cardiac stress test, echocardiogram, or carotid doppler study.
- The name(s) and telephone number(s) of your doctor(s).
You will need to stop taking some medications before your surgery. Your nurse will give you a resource called Common Medications Containing Aspirin and Other Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) or you can search for it on mskcc.org/pe. It contains important information about these medications and what you can take instead.
There are some medications that you may need to talk with your doctor about before your surgery. For example:
- If you take medication to thin your blood, ask the doctor who prescribes it for you if you should stop taking it. Some examples are warfarin (Coumadin®), dalteparin (Fragmin®), heparin, aspirin, tinzaparin (Innohep®), enoxaparin (Lovenox®), clopidogrel (Plavix®), fondaparinux (Arixtra®), dabigatran (Pradaxa®), cilostazol (Pletal®), and rivaroxaban (Xarelto®), and there are many more. Don’t stop taking these medications without talking with your doctor first.
- If you take insulin or other medications for diabetes, you may need to change the dose. Ask the doctor who prescribes this medication for you what you should do the day before and the morning of your surgery.
You must have someone 18 years or older take you home after your surgery. If you don’t have anyone, call one of the agencies below. They will send someone to go home with you. However, there’s usually a charge for this service, and you will need to provide transportation.
In New York:
- Partners in Care: 888-735-8913
- Prime Care: 212-944-0244
In New York or New Jersey:
- Caring People: 877-227-4649
The Day Before Your Surgery
A clerk from the Admitting Office will call you after 2:00 pm the day before your surgery. If you’re scheduled for surgery on a Monday, you’ll be called on the Friday before. The clerk will tell you what time you should arrive at the hospital for your surgery. They’ll also tell you where to go on the day of your surgery. This will be at one of the locations below.
If you don’t receive a call by 7:00 pm, call 212-639-5014.
- Do not eat anything after midnight the night before your surgery. This includes hard candy and gum.
- Between midnight and up until 2 hours before your scheduled arrival time, you may drink a total of 12 ounces of water (see figure).
- Starting 2 hours before your scheduled arrival time, do not eat or drink anything. This includes water.
The Day of Your Surgery
- Take only the medications you were instructed to take the morning of your surgery. Take them with a few sips of water.
- Don’t put on any lotion, cream, powder, deodorant, makeup, powder, or perfume.
- Don’t wear any metal objects. Remove all jewelry, including body piercings.
- Leave valuables, such as credit cards and jewelry, at home.
- Before you’re taken into the operating room, you will need to remove your hearing aid(s), dentures, prosthetic device(s), wig, and religious articles.
Check your appointment reminder for where to go for your surgery.
Once you arrive at the hospital, doctors, nurses, and other staff members will ask you to state and spell your name and date of birth many times. This is for your safety. People with the same or similar name may be having surgery on the same day.
You will change into a hospital gown and meet your nurse. They will place an intravenous (IV) line into a vein, usually in your hand or arm. At first you will receive fluids through the IV, but it will be used later to give you anesthesia (medication to make you sleepy). Your doctor will explain the surgery, and answer any questions you have. When it’s time for your surgery, you will be brought into the operating room.
Once you’re in the operating room, you will be attached to equipment to monitor your heart, breathing, and blood pressure. You will also receive oxygen through your nose or mouth. You will receive anesthesia through your IV to make you sleepy.
During your surgery, your surgeon will make a small incision (surgical cut) on your abdomen (belly). They will put a small, telescope-like tool into the incision to see the inside your body. A gas (carbon dioxide) will be pumped into your abdomen so that your surgeon has room to work.
Your surgeon will then make several small incisions and place other small tools inside your body. The exact location and number of incisions depends on how the surgery is done.
Your ovaries and fallopian tubes will then be moved as far as possible from the area being treated and held in place with sutures (stitches). You won’t be able to feel your ovaries in the new position.Back to top
After Your Surgery
After your surgery, you will be taken to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU). Your nurse will continue to monitor your heart, breathing, and blood pressure. Family members can visit you in the PACU.
You will feel some pain after your surgery, but your nurse will give you medication to help. If your pain doesn’t get better, tell your nurse.
You will have several small incisions on your abdomen. The incisions will be closed with Steri-Strips® (small strips of tape) or Dermabond® (surgical glue). Before you leave the hospital, your nurse will show you how to care for your incisions.
Most people are able go home on the day of their surgery. You can go home once you:
- Can eat solid food. However, it may take several weeks for your appetite to return to what it was before your surgery.
- Have normal bowel activity. This will be based on a physical exam. Most people don’t pass gas or have a bowel movement (pass stool) for several days after surgery. You don’t have to pass gas or have a bowel movement before you leave the hospital.
- Can urinate.
- Can walk.
- Aren’t in too much pain.
You can shower 24 hours after your surgery.
Clean your incisions with soap and water daily. If you go home with Steri-Strips or Dermabond covering your incisions, you can shower with them on. The Steri-Strips will begin to peel off in about 1 week. If they haven’t fallen off after 7 to 10 days, remove them in the shower. If you have Dermabond on your incisions, don’t remove it. It will dissolve over time.
You may not have a bowel movement for a few days after surgery. This is normal. However, if you don’t have a bowel movement for 3 days, call your doctor or nurse.
If you have diarrhea, call your doctor or nurse. Don’t take an antidiarrheal medication, such as loperamide (Imodium®) or bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate®), until you speak with your doctor or nurse.
Activities after your surgery
It will take 2 to 4 weeks for your incisions to heal. Until your doctor or nurse has told you that your incisions have healed:
- Don’t strain yourself or lift anything over 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms).
- Don’t place anything in your vagina or have vaginal intercourse for 4 weeks or until your doctor tells you it’s okay.
- Don’t drive if you’re taking prescription pain medications. If you aren’t taking prescription pain medications, you can drive 24 hours after your surgery.
If you’re traveling by plane within a few weeks after your surgery, get up and walk around every hour while you’re on the plane. Be sure to stretch your legs, drink plenty of liquids, and keep your feet raised whenever possible.Back to top
Call Your Doctor or Nurse if You:
- Have swelling or tenderness in your calves or thighs.
- Become short of breath.
- Cough up blood.
- Have a temperature of 101° F (38.3° C) or higher.
- Have severe abdominal pain that doesn’t get better after taking pain medication.