Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center will recognize three young investigators for their exceptional bodies of innovative work that has helped to advance the field of cancer research. The researchers will receive the Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research, an award presented biennially by Memorial Sloan Kettering to honor promising scientists under the age of 46.
According to a large-scale genomic analysis of the most common and aggressive type of ovarian cancer, researchers from Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center and other centers within The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project identified genetic mutations and pathways that distinctly set the disease apart not only from other types of ovarian cancer, but from other solid tumors as well.
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center physician-scientists report that women with small, node-negative, HER2-positive breast cancer may obtain a significant benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab (Herceptin®), a drug previously shown to improve outcomes in advanced cancer and prevent the return of cancer in women diagnosed with higher-risk, early-stage, HER2-positive breast cancer. This study appears online in the journal Cancer, and will be published in a future print edition.
In an extraordinary demonstration of excellence, positive results from two separate studies of new therapies for the treatment of advanced melanoma were presented at the plenary session of the 2011 annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology by Paul Chapman, MD, and Jedd Wolchok MD, PhD, members of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center's Melanoma and Sarcoma service, and lead authors on the studies along with collaborators from more than a one hundred cancer centers worldwide.
The final survival analysis of an international study of a new drug for prostate cancer has found an even greater median survival benefit than previously reported, and has established a new class of treatment for men with metastatic prostate cancer. In addition, researchers are exploring a potential biomarker of response to treatment in general.
Bevacizumab (Avastin®) in combination with chemotherapy resulted in a clinical benefit for patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, according to a new study. Results from the phase III "OCEANS" trial were presented today by the lead author, Carol Aghajanian, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, at the 2011 annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
A new study detected one of ten such mutations in 54 percent of the 516 lung cancer patients tested at diagnosis. The results enabled doctors to select the most appropriate drug designed to block the identified mutation and choose other treatment options for those patients whose tumors did not have a mutation.
An international, multi-center study has found that a recently FDA-approved drug called abiraterone acetate significantly improves overall survival in men with metastatic prostate cancer by more than 34 percent. Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, the Institute of Cancer Research and the Royal Marsden Hospital in the UK as well as other cancer centers around the world published the findings in the May 26, 2011, issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.
A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test taken for the first time between the ages of 44 and 50 can predict the likelihood that a man will die from prostate cancer over the next 25 to 30 years, according to researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.