Multidrug Resistant Organisms (MDROs)

This information explains multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs), including how they are spread and how MDRO infections are treated.

What is a multidrug resistant organism?

A multidrug resistant organism (MDRO) is a germ that is resistant to many antibiotics. If a germ is resistant to an antibiotic, it means that certain treatments will not work or may be less effective.

MDROs can be difficult to treat since many antibiotics won’t work to treat them.

Examples of MDROs include:

  • Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Vancomycin resistant Enterococcus (VRE)
  • Resistant Acinetobacter

These germs can cause illnesses, including:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Blood infections
  • Wound infections
 
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What isolation precautions are taken in the hospital if I have an MDRO infection?

Isolation precautions are steps we take to stop infections from spreading from person to person. If you’re diagnosed with or exposed to an MDRO infection while you’re in the hospital:

  • You will be placed in a private room.
  • The door to your room must remain closed at all times.
  • A sign will be posted on your door telling all staff and visitors to clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before going into and after leaving your room.
  • All staff and visitors will need to wear a yellow gown and gloves while in your room. These are available outside of your room and can be disposed of inside your room.
  • If you leave your room for tests, you must wear a yellow gown and gloves, or be covered with a clean sheet.
  • If you leave your room to walk around the unit, you must wear a yellow gown and gloves.
  • You will not be able to go to the following areas of the hospital:
    • Pantry on your unit
    • Recreation center on M15
    • Pediatric recreation areas on M9
    • Cafeteria
    • Main lobby
    • Any other public area of the hospital
  • You can have art or massage therapy in your room while following isolation precautions.

You can stop following these precautions after you received treatment and no longer have symptoms.

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What precautions should I take at home if I have an MDRO infection?

Be sure to do the following at home:

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially after using the bathroom.
  • Wash your hands after having contact with blood, urine, or drainage from a wound.
  • Use a disinfectant (such as Clorox® or Lysol®) to wipe any surface that may have come in contact with the germ, such as your doorknob.
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