This information describes influenza, including how it is spread and how you can decrease your risk of getting it.
Influenza, also known as the flu, is caused by a virus that attacks your respiratory system and can cause infection. It can be serious for people living with cancer or other diseases and for those with weakened immune systems.
What are the symptoms of influenza?
- Fever (a temperature above 100.4° F (38° C), or as directed by your healthcare provider)
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Body aches
- Tiredness and general discomfort
How is influenza spread?
Influenza is spread through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of someone who is infected. The droplets carrying the virus are released into the air when the infected person coughs or sneezes. They can easily be inhaled (breathed in) and cause an infection.
The flu can also be spread when droplets fall onto furniture, equipment, or other surfaces. If someone touches the surface and then touches their nose, mouth, or eyes, they may become infected.Back to top
What isolation precautions are taken in the hospital if I have influenza?
Isolation precautions are steps we take to stop infections from spreading from person to person. If you are diagnosed with influenza while you are in the hospital:
- You will be placed in a private room.
- A sign will be posted on the door instructing all staff and visitors to clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before going into and after leaving your room.
- All staff and visitors must wear a mask, yellow gown, and gloves while in your room.
- If you leave your room for tests, you must wear a mask, yellow gown, and gloves.
- You will not be able to walk around your unit, or go to the following areas of the hospital:
- Pantry on your unit
- Recreation center on M15
- Pediatric recreation areas on M9 and the Pediatric Day Hospital
- Main lobby
- Any other public area of the hospital
- While following these isolation precautions, you can have art or massage therapy in your room.
- These precautions will be discontinued when you can no longer pass the infection to others.
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I have influenza. What precautions should I take when I go to my outpatient appointments?
- When you check in for an appointment, please let the receptionist know if you have any influenza symptoms, such as a cough, runny nose, or sneezing. They will bring you to a private room, where a nurse will ask you more about your symptoms.
- If you have influenza symptoms, please do not sit in the waiting area, eat in the cafeteria, or visit patients who are staying in the hospital.
What can I do to lower my risk of getting influenza?
- Get the flu vaccine every year.
- Ask family members and close friends to get the flu vaccine.
- Always cough or sneeze into a tissue or your elbow, not into your hand.
- Wash your hands frequently or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially after you cough or sneeze.
- Do not share items such as cups, drinking glasses, food utensils, or toys.
- Avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu symptoms.
Antiviral medications can help prevent or reduce the severity of the flu. However, they do not take the place of the yearly flu vaccine.Back to top
Where can I get more information about influenza?
If you have any questions, speak with your doctor or nurse. You can also visit the following websites for more information: