About Your Flexible Bronchoscopy

This information will help you prepare for your flexible bronchoscopy with or without fluoroscopy, endobronchial ultrasound, biopsy or heat/cold therapy at Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK).

A bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your lungs using a flexible tube with a camera. During the bronchoscopy, your doctor may take biopsies (tissue samples) of your bronchi (main passageway into your lungs), lymph nodes, and lungs to see if any cancer cells are present. He or she may also do saline washings to clear your airways or lungs.

During your clinic visit, your doctor will explain the procedure to you and answer your questions. You will be asked to sign a consent form. How you prepare for your flexible bronchoscopy will depend on where you will have it done. Your bronchoscopy will be performed:

  • In the operating room at 1275 York Avenue, B elevator to 6th floor
  • In the endoscopy suite at 1275 York Avenue, M elevator to 2nd floor

If you are having your bronchoscopy done in the operating room, you will need to have a Presurgical Testing (PST) appointment within 30 days of your procedure. See the section titled “Presurgical testing.” If you are having your bronchoscopy done in the endoscopy suite, you can skip the PST information and start reading the section titled “Ask about your medications.”

Before Your Procedure

Presurgical testing

If you are having your bronchoscopy in the operating room, you will need to have a Presurgical Testing (PST) appointment within 30 days of your procedure. During this appointment you will meet with a nurse practitioner who works closely with anesthesiology staff (doctors and specialized nurses who give you medication to sleep during surgery). Your nurse practitioner will review your medical and surgical history with you, including your medications. You will have tests, including an electrocardiogram (EKG) to check your heart rhythm, a chest x-ray, blood tests, and any other tests necessary to plan your care. Your nurse practitioner may also recommend you see other healthcare providers.

Please bring the following to your PST appointment:

  • A list of all the medications you are taking, including patches and creams
  • Reports of any tests done outside of MSK, such as a cardiac stress test, echocardiogram (echo), or carotid doppler study
  • The name and telephone number of your doctor(s)

Ask about your medications

You may need to stop taking some of your medications before your procedure. Review the information below carefully so you have time to discuss your medications with your doctor, if necessary.

  • If you take medication to thin your blood, such as to treat blood clots or to prevent a heart attack or stroke, ask the doctor who prescribes it for you when to stop taking it. Some examples of blood thinners are aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin®), dalteparin (Fragmin®), heparin, tinzaparin (Innohep®), enoxaparin (Lovenox®), clopidogrel (Plavix®), and cilostazol (Pletal®).
  • If you take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil®) or naproxen (Aleve®), you will need to stop taking them 7 days before your procedure. For a list of medications in this category and which medications you can take instead, ask for the resource Common Medications Containing Aspirin and Other Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). If you take aspirin because you’ve had a problem with your heart, do not stop taking it until you talk with your doctor.
  • If you take insulin or other medications for diabetes, you may need to change the dose. Ask the doctor who prescribes your diabetes medication what you should do the day before and the morning of your procedure.

Get a letter from your doctor, if necessary

If you have an automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD), you will need to get a clearance letter from your cardiologist before your procedure.

Arrange for someone to take you home

You must have someone 18 years or older take you home after your procedure. If you don’t have anyone, call one of the agencies below. They will provide someone to accompany you home, however there is usually a charge for this service and you will also need to provide transportation.

In New York:
Partners in Care 888-735-8913

Prime Care 212-944-0244

In New York or New Jersey:

Caring People 877-227-4649

Note the time of your procedure

If you are having your bronchoscopy in the endoscopy suite, an endoscopy nurse will call you 3 days before your procedure. They will confirm the type of procedure(s) you are having and review the instructions listed in this resource with you. The nurse will also ask you questions about your medical history and all medications you are taking.

If you are having your bronchoscopy in the operating room, a clerk from the Admitting Office will call you after 2:00 pm the day before your procedure. They will tell you what time you should arrive at the hospital for your procedure. If your procedure is scheduled on a Monday, you will be called on the Friday before. If you do not receive a call by 7:00 pm, please call 212-639-5014.

If you need to cancel your procedure for any reason, please call the doctor who scheduled it for you.


The night before your procedure

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The Day of Your Procedure

Between midnight and up until 2 hours before your scheduled arrival time, you may drink a total of 12 ounces of clear liquids (see Figure 1).

Figure 1. 12 ounces of clear liquid

Examples of clear liquids include:

  • Water
  • Clear broth, bouillon, or consommé (no particles of dried food or seasonings) 
  • Gelatin, such as Jell-O® 
  • Clear fruit juices (no pulp), such as white cranberry, white grape, or apple 
  • Soda, such as 7-Up®, Sprite®, ginger ale, seltzer, or Gatorade® 
  • Coffee or tea, without milk or cream 

Things to remember

  • Take the medications you were instructed to take the morning of your procedure with a few sips of water.
  • Do not put on any lotion, cream, powder, deodorant, make-up, or perfume.
  • Remove any jewelry, including body piercings.
  • Leave all valuables, such as credit cards and jewelry, at home.
  • If you wear contact lenses, wear your glasses instead.

What to bring with you

  • A list of the medications you take at home, including patches and creams
  • Your rescue inhaler (such as albuterol for asthma), if you have one
  • A case for your glasses
  • Your Health Care Proxy form, if you have completed one

Where to park

Parking at MSK is available in the garage on East 66th Street between York and First Avenues. To reach the garage, turn onto East 66th Street from York Avenue. The garage is located about a quarter of a block in from York Avenue, on the right-hand (north) side of the street. There is a pedestrian tunnel that you can walk through that connects the garage to the hospital. If you have questions about prices, call 212-639-2338.

There are also other garages located on East 69th Street between First and Second Avenues, East 67th Street between York and First Avenues, and East 65th Street between First and Second Avenues.

What to expect

Figure 2.

Once you arrive at the hospital, doctors, nurses, and other staff members will ask you to state and spell your name and date of birth many times. This is for your safety. People with the same or similar names may be having procedures on the same day.

After changing into a hospital gown, you will meet your nurse. They will place an intravenous (IV) catheter into a vein, usually in your hand or arm. At first, you will receive fluids through the IV, but it will be used later to give you anesthesia (medication to make you sleep during your procedure). When it’s time for your procedure, you will be brought into the procedure room and helped onto an exam table. You will be attached to equipment to monitor your heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. You will also receive oxygen through your nose.

You may be asked to gargle with a solution that will numb the back of your throat and stop your gag reflex during the procedure. Your doctor may spray some medication into the back of your mouth to numb your throat.

You will receive anesthesia through your IV. Once you are asleep, your doctor will insert a bronchoscope (a tube-like instrument with a small camera) into your nose or mouth. They will gently move it down the back of your throat and through the large and small airways leading into your lungs (see Figure 2). If your doctor needs to take any biopsies, they may use fluoroscopy (live x-ray) or ultrasound (also known as endobronchial ultrasound), for guidance as needed.

The bronchoscopy usually takes 45 minutes to 1 hour.

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After Your Procedure

In the recovery room

You will wake up in Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU). Your nurse will continue to monitor your heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. If you had a lung biopsy, you may have a chest x-ray to make sure your lung was not punctured. This type of injury is uncommon.

Once you are fully awake, your nurse may give you a drink and will remove your IV. Your doctor will talk with you and the person taking you home after your procedure. If you were told to stop taking any medications before your procedure, ask your doctor when you can start taking them again. Your nurse will explain your discharge instructions to both you and the person taking you home before you leave.

At home

  • You may want to have someone stay with you the day of your procedure because you may still feel sleepy from the anesthesia.
  • You may have a sore throat, a low grade fever (below 101° F or 38.3° C), and cough up a small amount of blood after your procedure. These side effects should go away within 3 days. Eating soft foods and sucking on ice chips or throat lozenges may help. Avoid eating spicy foods and smoking.
  • A nurse will contact you the next day to ask how you are doing.
  • If you had any tests done during the bronchoscopy, call your doctor’s office in a few days to get the results.
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Call Your Doctor or Nurse If You:

  • Have a temperature of 101° F (38.3° C) or higher
  • Have difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Have chest pain or a feeling of pressure in your chest
  • Cough up more than 1 teaspoon of blood or cough up any amount of blood for longer than 3 days
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