Uterine Sarcoma Diagnosis & Staging

During your first appointment, we’ll review your pathology slides and the results of your imaging tests, such as CT, MRI, or PET scans.

Uterine sarcomas are rare, and each type develops and changes in different ways. For that reason, one of our highly trained pathologists who specialize in sarcoma will review the tumor tissue to make a final diagnosis.

Pictured: Chau Dang
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We may recommend that you have a hysterectomy, a surgery to remove all or part of the uterus, to help assess the cancer. Depending on the stage of the disease and the type of sarcoma it is, this surgery may involve removing the whole organ (known as a total hysterectomy) in a traditional surgery or a less invasive one. The decision will be based on your specific case.

These results help us make an accurate diagnosis and create the best treatment plan for you.

Stages of Uterine Sarcoma

Staging a tumor is important because it provides information about far a cancer has spread. There are four stages of uterine sarcoma:

  • stage I: the cancer is only in the uterus
  • stage II: the cancer is growing outside of the uterus, but not outside the pelvis  
  • stage III: the cancer is growing into the tissues of the abdomen or farther, but has not spread to distant sites
  • stage IV: the cancer has spread to the urinary bladder, the rectum, or to organs located far from the uterus, such as the lungs or bones

Whatever type of uterine sarcoma you have or cancer stage you’re diagnosed with, MSK doctors will find a way to build a treatment plan that fits you.